Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥanafīyah

Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥanafīyah

▪ Shīʿite imam
born , 637
died 710, Medina, Arabia [now Saudi Arabia]

      Muslim religious figure who many thought was the legitimate caliph. He was a son of ʿAlī, the fourth caliph, but not by his wife, Fāṭimah, who was the daughter of the Prophet Muḥammad. By nature, Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥanafīyah was retiring and inclined to avoid partisan strife; he acted with much caution despite the support of various factions that would have made him caliph. He eventually pledged allegiance to the Umayyad caliph ʿAbd al-Malik, from whom he received a large annual pension.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mukhtār ibn Abū ʿUbayd al-Thaqafi, al- — ▪ Muslim leader born c. 622, al Ṭaʾif, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia] died March 687, Kūfah, Iraq       Shīʿite Muslim leader who in 686 championed the unenthusiastic Muḥammad ibn al Ḥanafīyah, a son of ʿAlī (the fourth caliph in Islam), as leader… …   Universalium

  • Mahdi — Mahdism /mah diz euhm/, n. Mahdist, n., adj. /mah dee/, n., pl. Mahdis. 1. the Muslim messiah, an expected spiritual and temporal ruler destined to establish a reign of righteousness throughout the world. 2. any of various claimants to this role …   Universalium

  • Shīʿite — ▪ Islam Introduction Arabic  Shīʿī,  collective  Shīʿah        member of the smaller of the two major branches of Islam, distinguished from the majority Sunnis (Sunnite). Early development       Early in the history of Islam, the Shīʿites were a… …   Universalium

  • Hāshimīyah — ▪ Islamic sect also called  Rawandiyah         Islamic religiopolitical sect of the 8th–9th century AD, instrumental in the ʿAbbāsid overthrow of the Umayyad (Umayyad Dynasty) caliphate. The movement appeared in the Iraqi city of Kūfah in the… …   Universalium

  • North Africa — North African. the northern part of Africa, esp. the region north of the tropical rain forest and comprised of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and that part of Egypt west of the Gulf of Suez. * * * Introduction       region of Africa comprising …   Universalium

  • Islāmic world — Introduction  prehistory and history of the Islamic community.       Adherence to Islām is a global phenomenon: Muslims predominate in some 30 to 40 countries, from the Atlantic to the Pacific and along a belt that stretches across northern… …   Universalium

  • Iraq — /i rak , i rahk /, n. a republic in SW Asia, N of Saudi Arabia and W of Iran, centering in the Tigris Euphrates basin of Mesopotamia. 22,219,289; 172,000 sq. mi. (445,480 sq. km). Cap.: Baghdad. Also, Irak. * * * Iraq Introduction Iraq Background …   Universalium

  • Hanafisme — Le hanafisme ou hanéfisme (arabe :حنفى) est la plus ancienne des quatre écoles sunnites (madhhab) du droit musulman ou sa jurisprudence (fiqh). Elle est basée sur l enseignement de Abû Hanîfa Al Nu man Ibn Thabit (699 767), théologien et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sharīʿah — ▪ Islamic law Introduction also spelled  Sharia   the fundamental religious concept of Islām, namely its law, systematized during the 2nd and 3rd centuries of the Muslim era (8th–9th centuries AD).       Total and unqualified submission to the… …   Universalium

  • Alvi — (also written Alavi) is a variation of spelling of (Arabic: علوي) signifies ancestry from Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (Arabic: علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب), the fourth Caliph of Islam through his son Hazrat Muhammad bin Hanafiyah from Hazrat Ali s wife Khaula… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”