Muḥammad ibn Falāḥ

Muḥammad ibn Falāḥ

▪ Muslim theologian

born c. 1400, , Wāsiṭ, Iraq
died 1461, Hoveyzeh, Iran

      Muslim theologian who founded the extremist Mushaʿshaʿ sect of Shīʿism.

      Muḥammad ibn Falāḥ was reputed to be descended from the seventh Shīʿite imam, Mūsā al-Kāẓim. He received a traditional Islāmic religious education in al-Ḥillah (Ḥillah, Al-), a famous centre for Shīʿite studies. As a student he was noted for his extremist religious views, which bordered on heresy, and he was excommunicated from the faith by his teacher, himself a noted Shīʿite theologian.

      From 1436 onward Muḥammad ibn Falāḥ actively propagated his views among Arab tribesmen, trying to create a coalition of discontented Arab tribes on what is now the border between Iraq and Iran. This coalition was held together by his contention that he was the mahdi (the “divinely guided one”) and the representative of ʿAlī (whom the Shīʿites regarded as the legitimate successor to the Prophet Muḥammad). In 1440 he and his followers were defeated in a clash with the authorities, but in February 1441 they managed to capture the city of Hoveyzeh, which became the seat of the Mushaʿshaʿ movement. Warfare persisted for the next 10 years, during which time Muḥammad ibn Falāḥ was able to consolidate his power in the vicinity of Hoveyzeh and the Tigris River. He owed his success as much to the weakness and division of his opponents as to his own messianic zeal and doctrinal propaganda.

      The doctrinal foundations of the Mushaʿshaʿ are found in Muḥammad ibn Falāḥ's Kalām al-mahdī (“The Words of the Mahdi”). Written in the style of the Qurʾān, the book contains a rigid code of conduct regulating the affairs of the community. Beside acting as the spiritual leader of the Mushaʿshaʿ, he was also the military and temporal ruler of the movement. On his death he was succeeded by his son ʿAlī as the head of the movement.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Muhammad ibn Falah — (1400 in Wasit, Iraq – 1461 in Hoveizeh, Iran) was an Iraqi born theologian who founded the Musha sha iya, a Shi a sect. He received his theological education in the city of al Hillah, and there came to believe himself to be the earthly… …   Wikipedia

  • Ibn 'Ata Allah — Ahmad ibn Muhammad Ibn Ata Allah al Iskandari (d. 1309), the third sheikh of the Shadhili Sufi order was born and grew up in Alexandria, lived and died in Cairo. He was responsible for systematizing the order s doctrines and recording the… …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammad bin Hani al Andalusi al Azdi — Muhammad bin Hani al Andalusi al Azdi, born in c. 936, became the chief court poet to the Fatimid Caliph Imam, Al Mu izz. Most of his collected poems are in praise of the Fatimids against the claims of the Abbasids and the Umayyads of Spain. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Bilal ibn Rabah — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bilal. Miniature perse représentant Bilal entouré par les compagnons de Mahomet, lui même n’étant pas représenté. Bilal Ibn Rabah, ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ahmad Ibn 'Ata Allah — Shaykh Ul Islâm Tâj Ud Dîn Abul Fadl Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abd Il Karîm Ibn Atâ°i Llâh Al Iskandarî Al Judhami Al Ash arî Al Mâlikî Ash Shâdhilî, communément connu sous le nom de Ibn Atâ°i Llâh Al Iskandarî (اببن عطاء الله الاسكندري) est un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Musha'sha'iyyah — Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Origin of the name Khuzestan — An Arabic map from the 9th century. Khuzestan is overlined in red. The name Persian Gulf is written in upper left …   Wikipedia

  • Iraq — /i rak , i rahk /, n. a republic in SW Asia, N of Saudi Arabia and W of Iran, centering in the Tigris Euphrates basin of Mesopotamia. 22,219,289; 172,000 sq. mi. (445,480 sq. km). Cap.: Baghdad. Also, Irak. * * * Iraq Introduction Iraq Background …   Universalium

  • Khūzestān Province — Infobox Iran Province province name = Khūzestān ostan name = خوزستان loc capital = Ahvaz latd = 31.3273 longd = 48.6940 area = 64,055 pop = 4,345,607 pop year = 2005 pop density = 67.8 sub provinces = 18 languages= Persian Bakhtiari Arabic Luri… …   Wikipedia

  • Arabistan — Khuzestan استان خوزستان (Ostān e Khuzestān) Province du Khouzistan Administration Pays Iran Type Province …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”