Abbādid dynastyʿ

Abbādid dynastyʿ

▪ Muslim dynasty
      Muslim-Arab dynasty of Andalusia that arose in Sevilla (Seville) in the 11th century, in the period of the factions, or “party kingdoms” (ṭāʾifahs), following the downfall of the caliphate of Córdoba.

      In 1023 the qadi (religious judge) Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbbād declared Sevilla independent of Córdoba. His son Abu ʿAmr ʿAbbād, known as al-Muʿtaḍid (1042–69), greatly enlarged his territory by forcibly annexing the minor kingdoms of Mertola, Niebla, Huelva, Saltés, Silves, and Santa María de Algarve.

      A poet and patron of poets, al-Muʿtaḍid also had a reputation for ruthlessness and cruelty; in 1053 he suffocated a number of Berber chiefs of southern Andalusia in a steam bath in Sevilla and then seized their kingdoms of Arcos, Morón, and Ronda.

      The last member of the dynasty, the poet-king Muḥammad ibn ʿAbbād al-Muʿtamid (Muʿtamid, al-) (1069–95), made Sevilla a brilliant centre of Spanish-Muslim culture. In 1071 he took Córdoba, maintaining a precarious hold on the city until 1075; he held it again, 1078–91, while Ibn ʿAmmār, his vizier and fellow poet, conquered Murcia.

      The ʿAbbādids' position was weakened, however, by an outbreak of hostilities with the Castilian king Alfonso VI; Christian progress in Aragon and Valencia and the fall of Toledo (1085), together with pressure from religious enthusiasts at home, forced al-Muʿtamid to seek an alliance with Yūsuf ibn Tāshufīn of the Almoravid (Almoravids) dynasty. Despite ʿAbbādid support of Ibn Tāshufīn at the Battle of Al-Zallāqah in 1086, Ibn Tāshufīn later turned against his ally and besieged Sevilla; the city was betrayed by Almoravid sympathizers in 1091 after a heroic defense by al-Muʿtamid. With the exile of al-Muʿtamid and his family to Morocco began the ascendency in Spain of the Almoravids.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abbadid — History of Al Andalus 711–1492 711–732 Muslim conquest Battles : Battle of Guadalete Battle of Toulouse | Battle of Tours …   Wikipedia

  • abbadid — ˈabədəd, (ˌ)did noun ( s) Usage: capitalized Etymology: Abbād ibn Muḥammad abu Amr died 1042 founder of the dynasty + English id : a member of a Muslim dynasty that ruled at Seville from 1023 to 1091 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Muʿtamid, al- — ▪ ʿAbbādid ruler [1027 95] byname of  Muḥammad ibn ʿAbbād al Muʿtaḍid  born 1027, Spain died 1095, Aghmāt, near Marrakech, Morocco       third and last member of the Abbādid dynastyʿ of Sevilla (Seville) and the epitome of the cultivated Muslim… …   Universalium

  • Al-Mu'tamid ibn Abbad — This article is about the Andalusi Arabic poet who was also the Abbadid king of Seville. For the Abbasid Caliph al Mu tamid, see Al Mu tamid. Coin of Al Mutamid Muhammad Ibn Abbad Al Mutamid (1040–1095) was the third and last ruler (reigned… …   Wikipedia

  • Abbad — is an Islamic name. People with this name include:* Abbad ibn Bishr (circa 606–632), from the Arabian peninsula and companion to the prophet Muhammad * Abbad I or Abu al Qasim Muhammad ibn Abbad (ruled from 1023 and died in 1042), founder of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Lists of rulers of Spain — This is a list of rulers and office holders of Spain.Heads of state*Spanish monarchsHeads of former statesAragon*Kings of Aragon and Counts of Barcelona *Lieutenants of the Kingdom of Aragón *Chancellors and Council Presidents of AragónOther… …   Wikipedia

  • 1023 — For the number 1023 see, 1023 (number) EventsEurope* The Judge Governor of Seville takes advantage of the disintegration of the caliphate of Córdoba and seizes power as Abbad I, thus founding the Abbadid dynasty. * Abd ar Rahman V is proclaimed… …   Wikipedia

  • 1091 — Events* Henry, son of William I, attempts a coup against his brothers but fails to seize the English throne. * With the take of Noto, the Normans complete the 30 year long conquest of Sicily from the Islamic rulers. * Roger Guiscard takes Malta.… …   Wikipedia

  • Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abbad — or Abbad I, (died in 1042), was the founder and eponym of the Abbadid dynasty; he was the first independent Muslim ruler of Seville in Al Andalus (ruled 1023 ndash;1042).He was an administrator notable for declaring Seville independent of the Al… …   Wikipedia

  • Abbad II al-Mu'tadid — or Abu Amr Abbad (died on February 28, 1069), was second ruler (reigned 1042 ndash;1069) of Seville in Al Andalus from the Abbadid dynasty.His father was Abu al Qasim Muhammad ibn Abbad who established the Kingdom of Seville and hence, when his… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”