Meyerhold, Vsevolod (Yemilyevich)

Meyerhold, Vsevolod (Yemilyevich)
born Feb. 9, 1874, Penza, Russia
died Feb. 2, 1940, Moscow

Russian theatrical producer and director.

He acted with the Moscow Art Theatre in 1898 and formulated his avant-garde theories of symbolic theatre. Opposed to the naturalism of Konstantin Stanislavsky, he directed plays in a nonrepresentational style that became known as biomechanics. After 1908 he staged plays in St. Petersburg that drew from commedia dell'arte and Asian theatre. He was noted for his direction of The Magnificent Cuckold (1920) and for his controversial production of The Queen of Spades (1935). Condemned by Soviet critics for his artistic individuality and opposition to Socialist Realism, he was arrested and imprisoned in 1939 and was probably executed.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Meyerhold, Vsevolod Yemilyevich — ▪ Russian theatrical producer, director, and actor born Feb. 9 [Jan. 28, old style], 1874, Penza, Russia died Feb. 2, 1940, Moscow  Russian theatrical producer, director, and actor whose provocative experiments in nonrealistic theatre made him… …   Universalium

  • theatre, Western — ▪ art Introduction       history of the Western theatre from its origins in pre Classical antiquity to the present.       For a discussion of drama as a literary form, see dramatic literature and the articles on individual national literatures.… …   Universalium

  • Prokofiev, Sergey — ▪ Russian composer Introduction in full  Sergey Sergeyevich Prokofiev  born April 23 [April 11, Old Style], 1891, Sontsovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire died March 5, 1953, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       20th century Russian (and Soviet) composer who …   Universalium

  • Ilinsky, Igor — ▪ Russian actor born July 11 [July 24, New Style], 1901, Moscow, Russia died January 13, 1987, Moscow       Russian actor of stage and screen, especially well known for his comic portrayals of rogues and buffoons.       Although Ilinsky debuted… …   Universalium

  • theatre — /thee euh teuhr, theeeu /, n. theater. * * * I Building or space in which performances are given before an audience. It contains an auditorium and stage. In ancient Greece, where Western theatre began (5th century BC), theatres were constructed… …   Universalium

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • acting — /ak ting/, adj. 1. serving temporarily, esp. as a substitute during another s absence; not permanent; temporary: the acting mayor. 2. designed, adapted, or suitable for stage performance. 3. provided with detailed stage directions for the… …   Universalium

  • biomechanics — biomechanical, adj. biomechanically, adv. /buy oh mi kan iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Med. a. the study of the action of external and internal forces on the living body, esp. on the skeletal system. b. the development of prostheses. 2. Biol …   Universalium

  • stage design — Aesthetic composition of a dramatic production as created by lighting, scenery, costumes, and sound. While elements such as painted screens and wheeled platforms were used in the Greek theatre of the 4th century BC, most innovations in stage… …   Universalium

  • Olesha, Yury Karlovich — ▪ Russian author born March 3 [Feb. 19, Old Style], 1899, Elizavetgrad, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kirovohrad, Ukr.]) died May 10, 1960, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Russian prose writer and playwright whose works address the conflict between …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”