/buy'oh mi kan"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.)1. Med.a. the study of the action of external and internal forces on the living body, esp. on the skeletal system.b. the development of prostheses.2. Biol. the study of the mechanical nature of biological processes, as heart action and muscle movement.[1930-35; BIO- + MECHANICS]
* * *▪ theatreantirealistic system of dramatic production developed in the Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) in the early 1920s by the avant-garde director Vsevolod Meyerhold. Meyerhold (Meyerhold, Vsevolod Yemilyevich) drew on the traditions of the commedia dell'arte and kabuki and on the writings of Edward Gordon Craig for his system, in which the actor's own personality was eliminated and he was entirely subordinated to the director's will. Coached as gymnasts and acrobats and emphasizing pantomime rather than words, the actors threw themselves about in puppetlike attitudes at the director's discretion. For these productions the stage was exposed to the back wall and was then furnished with harshly lit, bare sets consisting of scaffoldings, ladders, and ramps that the actors used. Biomechanics had lost its appeal by the late 1920s, though Meyerhold's emphasis on external action did become an element in Soviet actor-training techniques.
* * *