Khwārezm-Shah dynasty

Khwārezm-Shah dynasty
(с 1077–1231) Dynasty that ruled Central Asia and Iran, first as vassals of the Seljūq dynasty and then independently.

It was founded by a slave, Anūtegin Gharachaʾī, who was appointed governor of Khwārezm. At its peak under ʽAlāʾ al-Dīn Muḥammad (r. 1200–20) and his son Jalāl al-Dīn Mingburnu (1220–31), the dynasty's territory extended from India to Anatolia. It fell to Genghis Khan in 1231.

* * *

▪ Turkish dynasty
also spelled  Khwārazm-shāh, or Khorezm-shāh 

      (c. 1077–1231), dynasty that ruled in Central Asia and Iran, first as vassals of the Seljuqs and later as independent rulers.

      The founder of the dynasty was Anūştegin Gharachaʾī, a slave who was appointed governor of Khwārezm (q.v.) about 1077 by the Seljuq ruler Malik-Shāh. Anūştegin's descendants governed Khwārezm on behalf of the Seljuqs. In 1141, with the defeat of the Seljuq sultan Sanjar by the Karakitai (Qara Khitay) confederation of northern China, the rulers of Khwārezm were forced to acknowledge the overall sovereignty of the Karakitai.

      Following Sanjar's death in 1157, the Khwārezm-Shāh ʿAlāʾ ad-Dīn Tekish was one of many contenders in a struggle for supremacy in Iran. By 1200 the Khwārezm-Shāh had emerged victorious. ʿAlāʾ ad-Dīn Muḥammad (reigned 1200–20), the penultimate Khwārezm-Shāh, created a short-lived empire that stretched from the borders of India to those of Anatolia. The empire did not endure, however; the Mongol army of Genghis Khan conquered Transoxania in 1220. The last Khwārezm-Shāh, Jalāl ad-Dīn Mingburnu (reigned 1220–31), was defeated by the Mongols in 1231 and his territories were taken over by them.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Muhammad, Khwarezm-Shah — Abu l Harith Muhammad was Khwarazm Shah for a period in 1017. The son of Abu al Hasan Ali, he was the last member of the Iranian Ma munid dynasty to rule Khwarazm. In 1017 a young Muhammad was declared shah by the murderers of his uncle Abu l… …   Wikipedia

  • Khwārezm — or Khwārizm Historic region along the Amu Darya (ancient Oxus River), in modern Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. It formed part of the empire of Achaemenian Persia in the 6th–4th centuries BC. The Arabs conquered it in the 7th century AD. In the… …   Universalium

  • shah — shahdom, n. /shah, shaw/, n. (often cap.) (formerly, in Iran) king; sovereign. [1560 70; < Pers: king] * * * (as used in expressions) Ahmad Shah Durrani Khwarezm Shah dynasty Masjed e Shah Nadir Shah Nasir al Din Shah Naser od Din Shah Pahlavi… …   Universalium

  • dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty …   Universalium

  • Khwarezm — For other uses, see Khwarezmian (disambiguation). The Khwarazm oasis on a satellite image from 2009 Khwarezm, or Chorasmia, is a large oasis region on the Amu Darya river delta in western Central Asia, which borders to the north the (former) Aral …   Wikipedia

  • Khwarazmian dynasty — For other uses, see Khwarezmian (disambiguation). Khwarazmian Empire خوارزمشاهیان Khwārazmshāhiyān Harzemşahlar …   Wikipedia

  • Salghurid Dynasty — ▪ Iranian dynasty       (1148–1270), Iranian dynasty that ruled in Fārs in southwestern Iran as vassals of the Seljuq, Khwārezm Shāh, and Il Khanid dynasties.       The Salghurids were one of the several dynasties of atabegs (notables who acted… …   Universalium

  • Seljūq dynasty — or Saljūq dynasty (с 11th–13th centuries) Muslim Turkmen dynasty that ruled Persia, Iraq, Syria, and Anatolia. Seljūq was the chief of a nomadic Turkish tribe. His grandsons Chaghri Beg and Toghrïl Beg conquered realms in Iran. Under Alp Arslan… …   Universalium

  • Bāvand Dynasty — ▪ Iranian dynasty also spelled  Bāvend        (665–1349), Iranian dynasty that ruled Ṭabaristān in what is now northern Iran.       The Bāvands ruled, sometimes independently and at other times as vassals of various Islāmic dynasties, over an… …   Universalium

  • Qarakhanid Dynasty — ▪ Asian history also spelled  Karakhanid,  also called  Ilek Khanid,         Turkic dynasty (999–1211) that ruled in Transoxania in Central Asia.       The Qarakhanids, who belonged to the Qarluq tribal confederation, became prominent during the… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”