Bāvand Dynasty

Bāvand Dynasty

▪ Iranian dynasty
also spelled  Bāvend 

      (665–1349), Iranian dynasty that ruled Ṭabaristān in what is now northern Iran.

      The Bāvands ruled, sometimes independently and at other times as vassals of various Islāmic dynasties, over an area delimited by the Caspian Sea and the Elburz Mountains. The geographic isolation of Bāvand territories permitted a degree of historical continuity.

      The origins and early years of the dynasty are clouded by myth and legend. The Bāvands can be divided into three distinct lines: the Kāʾūsīyeh (Kāʾūsīyeh dynasty) (665–c. 1006), the Espahbadīyeh (1074–1210), and the Kīnkhvārīyeh (c. 1238–1349).

      The first line, the Kāʾūsīyeh, ruled independently over their mountainous kingdom. In 854 they were converted to Islām. In the 10th century their power weakened; they maintained their position by various marriage alliances with the Zeyārid dynasty of northern Iran, but from 1006 they became vassals of that dynasty.

      The Espahbadīyeh line, centred at Sārī, was originally a tributary of the Seljuq dynasty. Rostam I (reigned 1140–63) reasserted the independence of the Bāvand dynasty, but soon afterward, with the assassination of Shams ol-Molk Rostam II (reigned 1206–10), the Espahbadīyeh line was vanquished by the Khwārezm-Shāh dynasty.

      The third, or Kīnkhvārīyeh, line was founded by Ḥosām od-Dowleh (reigned 1238–49) and was centred at Āmol. It was a vassal of the Il-Khanid rulers of Iran. This line was finally extinguished with the assassination of Fakr od-Dowleh (reigned 1334–49).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bavand Dynasty — The Bavandi Dynasty (also spelled Bavend) was an Iranian dynasty that started in the early seventh century, as an independent group of rulers, reigning over Tabaristan in what is now northern Iran. The Bavandi name apparently comes from Bav, son… …   Wikipedia

  • Ka'usiyeh Dynasty — The Ka usiyeh Dynasty ruled Tabaristan (now Mazandaran in northern Iran) from 665 to about 1006. It was a branch of the Bavand Dynasty, based in a mountainous region south west of Sari, whose isolation played a rôle in the survival of the early… …   Wikipedia

  • Kāʾūsīyeh dynasty — ▪ Iranian dynasty       (AD 665–c. 1006), branch of the Bāvand dynasty, which ruled in Ṭabaristān (now Māzandarān, northern Iran).       The origins and early history of the Kāʾūsīyeh branch are obscure. Its founder and the founder of the main… …   Universalium

  • Savadkuh County — (also Savadkooh) (Persian: شهرستان سوادکوه) is a county in Mazandaran Province in Iran. Covering an area of 2441 square kilometers, Savâdkuh is located at the center of Mazandaran province. It is limited northward by Qaemŝahr, westward by Babol,… …   Wikipedia

  • Iran — /i ran , i rahn , uy ran /, n. a republic in SW Asia. 67,540,002; ab. 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). Cap.: Teheran. Formerly (until 1935), Persia. * * * Iran Introduction Iran Background: Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic… …   Universalium

  • Kawus — (or Kyus; early Islamic sources: کیوس) was the eldest son of Kavadh I, the Sasanian emperor of Iran. Kawus might have initially been the heir presumptive to the Sasanian throne. However, following the outbreak of the Mazdakite revolt, Kawus was… …   Wikipedia

  • Māzandarān Province — Infobox Iran Province province name = Mâzandarân ostan name = مازندران مازرون loc capital = Sari latd = 36.5656 longd = 53.0588 pop = 2,920,657 [Iranian 2006 Census Website [http://www.sci.org.ir/portal/faces/public/census85/census85.natayej/censu… …   Wikipedia

  • Mazandaran Province — This article is about Māzandarān Province of Iran . For Historic Tabarestan region, see Tabaristan. Mâzandaran Province استان مازندران   Province   …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”