Kantorovich, Leonid (Vitalyevich)

Kantorovich, Leonid (Vitalyevich)
born Jan. 19, 1912, St. Petersburg, Russia
died April 7, 1986, U.S.S.R.

Soviet mathematician and economist.

A professor at Leningrad State University (1934–60), he developed the linear programming model as a tool of economic planning. He used mathematical techniques to show how decentralization of decision making in a planned economy ultimately depends on a system in which prices are based on the relative scarcity of resources. His nondogmatic critical analyses of Soviet economic policy often clashed with the views of his orthodox Marxist colleagues. His most notable work is The Best Use of Economic Resources (1959). In 1975 he and Tjalling Koopmans (1910–85) shared the Nobel Prize for their work on optimal allocation of scarce resources.

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  • Kantorovich, Leonid Vitalyevich — ▪ Russian mathematician and economist born January 19 [January 6, Old Style], 1912, St. Petersburg, Russia died April 7, 1986, U.S.S.R.       Soviet mathematician and economist who shared the 1975 Nobel Prize for Economics with Tjalling Koopmans… …   Universalium

  • Leonid — /lee euh nid/, n., pl. Leonids, Leonides /lee on i deez /. Astron. any of a shower of meteors occurring around November 15 and appearing to radiate from a point in the constellation Leo. [1875 80; < NL Leonides, equiv. to L Leon (s. of Leo) LEO + …   Universalium

  • Kantorovich inequality — In mathematics, the Kantorovich inequality is a particular case of the Cauchy Schwarz inequality, which is itself a generalization of the triangle inequality. The triangle inequality states that the length of two sides of any triangle, added… …   Wikipedia

  • Kantorovich — /kan tawr euh vich, kan teuh roh vich/; Russ. /kun taw rddeuh vyich/, n. Leonid Vitalyevich /lay euh nid vi tal yeuh vich/; Russ. /lyi u nyeet vyi tah lyeuh vyich/, 1912 86, Soviet mathematician and economist: Nobel prize for economics 1975. * *… …   Universalium

  • Kantorovich — /kan tawr euh vich, kan teuh roh vich/; Russ. /kun taw rddeuh vyich/, n. Leonid Vitalyevich /lay euh nid vi tal yeuh vich/; Russ. /lyi u nyeet vyi tah lyeuh vyich/, 1912 86, Soviet mathematician and economist: Nobel prize for economics 1975 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Koopmans, Tjalling C. — ▪ American economist in full  Tjalling Charles Koopmans  born Aug. 28, 1910, s Graveland, Neth. died Feb. 26, 1985, New Haven, Conn., U.S.       Dutch born American economist who shared with Leonid Kantorovich (Kantorovich, Leonid Vitalyevich) of …   Universalium

  • Nobel Prize winners by name — ▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by name A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Y   Z A name year category country* achievement literary area Abrikosov, Alexey A. 2003 physics U.S. discoveries… …   Universalium

  • Nobel Prize winners by category (economics) — ▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by category (economics)* year name country** achievement 1969 Frisch, Ragnar Norway work in econometrics Tinbergen, Jan The Netherlands work in econometrics 1970 Samuelson, Paul U.S. work in scientific analysis of… …   Universalium

  • Nobel Prize winners by year — ▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year 1901–10 1941–50 1981–90 1911–20 1951–60 1991–2000 1921–30 1961–70 2001–08 1931–40 1971–80 1901–10 year category name country* achievement literary area 1901 chemistry Henricus van t (Hoff, Jacobus Henricus van… …   Universalium

  • Nobel Prize winners by name (J through L) — ▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by name (J through L) name year category country* achievement literary area Jacob, François 1965 physiology/ medicine France discoveries concerning regulatory activities of body cells Jelinek, Elfriede 2004 literature… …   Universalium

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