Zhdanov, Andrey Aleksandrovich
- Zhdanov, Andrey Aleksandrovich
▪ Soviet official
born Feb. 26 [Feb. 14, Old Style], 1896, Mariupol, Ukraine, Russian Empire
died Aug. 31, 1948, Moscow, Russian S.F.S.R.
Soviet government and Communist Party official.
A member of the Bolsheviks from 1915, Zhdanov rose through the party ranks after the October Revolution of 1917 and eventually became political boss of Leningrad (St
. Petersburg), leading the city's defense during the 1941–44 siege by the Germans. He was a close associate of Joseph Stalin and reached the peak of his career after World War II, when as a full member of the Politburo (from 1939) he severely tightened the ideological guidelines for postwar cultural activities (see Zhdanovshchina
). In 1947 he oversaw the founding of the international Soviet propaganda arm, the Cominform
(Communist Information Bureau). Zhdanov's death in 1948 is shrouded in mystery, but it seems to have been inopportune for his allies and followers, since it was followed by the notorious Leningrad Affair
), in which as many as 2,000 persons, many of them Zhdanov's associates and subordinates, were purged, probably through the efforts of his enemies Georgy Malenkov and Lavrenty Beria.
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Zhdanov, Andrey (Aleksandrovich) — born Feb. 26, 1896, Mariupol, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Aug. 31, 1948, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet politician. He joined the Bolsheviks in 1915 and became a leading member of the Politburo (1939) and Communist Party secretary in Leningrad … Universalium
Aleksandrovich — (as used in expressions) Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Bakunin Mikhail Aleksandrovich Blok Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Iosip Aleksandrovich Brodsky Bulganin Nikolay Aleksandrovich Vladimir Aleksandrovich Dukelsky Sergey Aleksandrovich Kusevitsky Moiseyev … Universalium
Andrey — (as used in expressions) Gromyko Andrey Andreyevich Sakharov Andrey Dmitriyevich Tarkovsky Andrey Arsenyevich Voznesensky Andrey Andreyevich Vyshinsky Andrey Yanuaryevich Zhdanov Andrey Aleksandrovich * * * … Universalium
Zhdanov — I. biographical name Andrey Aleksandrovich 1896 1948 Soviet politician II. geographical name see Mariupol … New Collegiate Dictionary
Andrei Zhdanov — Andrei Aleksandrovich Zhdanov (Андрей Александрович Жданов) (Mariupol , OldStyleDate|February 26|1896|February 14 ndash;August 31, 1948, Moscow) was a Soviet politician.LifeZhdanov joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (bolsheviks) in … Wikipedia
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics — a former federal union of 15 constituent republics, in E Europe and W and N Asia, comprising the larger part of the former Russian Empire: dissolved in December 1991. 8,650,069 sq. mi. (22,402,200 sq. km). Cap.: Moscow. Also called Russia, Soviet … Universalium
Mariupol — /mar ee ooh peuhl/; Russ. /meuh rddyi ooh peuhl/, n. a city in SE Ukraine, on the Sea of Azov. 503,000. Formerly (1948 89), Zhdanov. * * * ▪ Ukraine formerly (1948–89) Zhdanov city, southeastern Ukraine. It lies along the estuary of the… … Universalium
Zhdanovshchina — ▪ Soviet policy English Zhdanovism cultural policy of the Soviet Union during the Cold War period following World War II, calling for stricter government control of art and promoting an extreme anti Western bias. Originally applied to… … Universalium
international relations — a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… … Universalium
Leningrad Affair — ▪ Soviet history (1948–50), in the history of the Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), a sudden and sweeping purge of Communist Party and government officials in Leningrad and the surrounding region. The purge occurred… … Universalium