Zeppelin, Ferdinand, Graf (count) von

Zeppelin, Ferdinand, Graf (count) von

▪ German official
in full  Ferdinand Adolf August Heinrich, count von Zeppelin 
born July 8, 1838, Konstanz, Baden
died March 8, 1917, Charlottenburg, near Berlin
 first notable builder of rigid dirigible airships (airship), for which his surname is still a popular generic term.

      Zeppelin received a military commission in 1858. He made the first of several balloon ascensions at St. Paul, Minn., while acting as a military observer (1863) for the Union Army during the American Civil War. He saw military action in 1866 during the Seven Weeks' War and in 1870–71 during the Franco-German War, serving successively in the armies of Württemberg, Prussia, and imperial Germany. He retired in 1890 and devoted the rest of his life to the creation of the rigid airship for which he is known.

 Zeppelin struggled for 10 years to produce his lighter-than-air craft. The initial flight (July 2, 1900) of the LZ-1 from a floating hangar on Lake Constance, near Friedrichshafen, Ger., was not entirely successful, but it had the effect of promoting the airship to the degree that public subscriptions and donations thereafter funded the count's work. The German government was quick to perceive the advantage of airships over the as yet poorly developed airplanes, and when Zeppelin achieved 24-hour flight in 1906, he received commissions for an entire fleet. More than 100 zeppelins (zeppelin) were used for military operations in World War I. A passenger service known as Delag (Deutsche-Luftschiffahrts AG) was established in 1910, but Zeppelin died before attaining his goal of transcontinental flight.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zeppelin — /tsep euh leen , tsep euh leen /; Eng. /zep euh lin/, n. Count Ferdinand von /ferdd di nahnt feuhn/, 1838 1917, German general and aeronaut: designer and manufacturer of the zeppelin. * * * Rigid airship of a type designed by the German builder… …   Universalium

  • zeppelin — /zep euh lin/, n. 1. (often cap.) a large dirigible balloon consisting of a long, cylindrical, covered framework containing compartments or cells filled with gas, and of various structures for holding the engines, passengers, etc. 2. any rigid… …   Universalium

  • Ferdinand von Zeppelin — For other uses, see Graf Zeppelin (disambiguation). Ferdinand Adolf Heinrich August Graf von Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin …   Wikipedia

  • Zeppelin — A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship pioneered by the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin in the early 20th century, based on designs he had outlined in 1874, [Eckener 1938. pages 155 157] designs he had detailed in 1893, and that were reviewed… …   Wikipedia

  • Graf Zeppelin — may refer to:*Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin (1838 1917), German officer and engineer, founder of the Zeppelin airship company ( Graf is German for Count ) *LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin , the first airship named after Count Zeppelin *LZ 130 Graf Zeppelin …   Wikipedia

  • German aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin — Graf Zeppelin was a German aircraft carrier of the Kriegsmarine , named like the famous airship in honour of Graf (Count) Ferdinand von Zeppelin. It was Germany s only aircraft carrier during World War II. Its construction was ordered on November …   Wikipedia

  • airplane — /air playn /, n. 1. a heavier than air aircraft kept aloft by the upward thrust exerted by the passing air on its fixed wings and driven by propellers, jet propulsion, etc. 2. any similar heavier than air aircraft, as a glider or helicopter. Also …   Universalium

  • aerospace industry — Introduction       assemblage of manufacturing concerns that deal with vehicular flight within and beyond the Earth s atmosphere. (The term aerospace is derived from the words aeronautics and spaceflight.) The aerospace industry is engaged in the …   Universalium

  • military aircraft — Introduction       any type of aircraft that has been adapted for military use.       Aircraft have been a fundamental part of military power since the mid 20th century. Generally speaking, all military aircraft fall into one of the following… …   Universalium

  • Konstanz — /kawn stahnts/, n. German name of Constance. * * * ▪ Germany French  Constance         city, Baden Württemberg Land (state), southwestern Germany. It is situated where the …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”