/tsep'euh leen", tsep"euh leen'/; Eng. /zep"euh lin/, n.
Count Ferdinand von /ferdd"di nahnt' feuhn/, 1838-1917, German general and aeronaut: designer and manufacturer of the zeppelin.

* * *

Rigid airship of a type designed by the German builder Ferdinand, Graf (count) von Zeppelin (1838–1917).

It was a cigar-shaped, trussed, and covered frame supported by internal gas cells, below which hung two external cars with an engine geared to two propellers. The first zeppelin flew in 1900. In World War I zeppelins were used as bombers by Germany. In 1928 the Graf Zeppelin inaugurated transatlantic flight service; it had completed 590 flights by 1937, when the Hindenburg disaster halted such flights.

* * *

 rigid airship of a type originally manufactured by Luftschiffsbau-Zeppelin and consisting of a cigar-shaped, trussed, and covered frame supported by internal gas cells. The first Zeppelin airship was designed by Ferdinand, Graf von Zeppelin (Zeppelin, Ferdinand, Graf (count) von), a retired German army officer, and made its initial flight from a floating hangar on Lake Constance (Constance, Lake), near Friedrichshafen, Germany, on July 2, 1900. Beneath the 128-metre (420-foot) craft a keellike structure connected two external cars, each of which contained a 16-horsepower engine geared to two propellers. A sliding weight secured to the keel afforded vertical control by raising or lowering the nose, while rudders were provided for horizontal control. The craft attained speeds approaching 32 km (20 miles) per hour.

      During World War I the Germans achieved moderate success in long-range bombing operations with the zeppelin-type rigid airship, which could attain higher altitudes than the airplanes then available. On two occasions during 1917, German zeppelins made flights of almost 100 hours' duration. Such performances led many people to believe that large airships would play a prominent part in aviation development. A number of zeppelins were distributed to the Allied countries as a part of postwar reparations by Germany.

      Of many subsequent zeppelins, the two most famous were the Graf Zeppelin, completed in September 1928, and the giant Hindenburg, first flown in 1936. The Graf Zeppelin inaugurated transatlantic flight service, and by the time of its decommissioning in 1937 had made 590 flights, including 144 ocean crossings, and had flown more than 1.6 million km (1 million miles). In 1929 the craft covered about 34,600 km (21,500 miles) in a world flight that was completed in an elapsed time of approximately 21 days. The Hindenburg, 245 metres (804 feet) long, was powered by four 1,100-horsepower diesel engines, giving it a maximum speed of 135 km (84 miles) per hour. In 1936 this airship carried a total of 1,002 passengers on 10 scheduled round trips between Germany and the United States. On May 6, 1937, while landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey, the hydrogen-inflated craft burst into flames and was completely destroyed, with a loss of 36 lives. The Zeppelin airship works were destroyed by Allied bombing during World War II, and building of the huge rigid airships was never resumed. In 1993, descendant companies of Luftschiffsbau-Zeppelin founded Zeppelin Luftschifftechnik GmbH, which built the Zeppelin NT (“New Technology”), a smaller (75-metre, or 250-foot) helium-filled airship that in 2001 began to offer short sightseeing trips over Lake Constance and other locations.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zeppelin NT — im Flug Zeppelin NT (Zeppelin Neuer Technologie) ist eine Luftschiff Baureihe, die seit den 1990er Jahren in Friedrichshafen gefertigt wird. Die Luftschiffe des NT Typs sind die größten aktiven Luftschiffe und die einzigen mit einem inneren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • zeppelin — [ zɛplɛ̃ ] n. m. • 1907; du nom du constructeur, le comte de Zeppelin ♦ Grand dirigeable rigide à carcasse métallique que les Allemands construisirent de 1900 à 1937. ● zeppelin nom masculin (de Zeppelin, nom propre) Dirigeable rigide, construit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • zeppelin — ZEPPELÍN, zeppeline, s.n. Navă aeriană dirijabilă de mari dimensiuni, construită din metal, cu numeroase compartimente umplute cu hidrogen sau cu alt gaz mai uşor decât aerul; dirijabil. – Din germ. Zeppelin. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Zeppelin TV — Tipo Producción de programas y series de televisión y reality shows Fundación 1992 Sede Madrid Sitio web …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zeppelin — Sm (lenkbares Luftschiff) erw. fach. (20. Jh.) Onomastische Bildung. Benannt nach dem Namen des deutschen Konstrukteurs F. Graf von Zeppelin. Die Übertragung des Personennamens auf das Luftschiff ist aber offenbar im Englischen erfolgt, wo… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • zeppelin — (n.) 1900, from Ger. Zeppelin, short for Zeppelinschiff Zeppelin ship, after Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin (1838 1917), German general who perfected its design …   Etymology dictionary

  • Zeppelin — ep pe*lin (ts[e^]p p[ e]*l[=e] ; Angl. z[e^]p p[ e]*l[i^]n), n. A dirigible balloon of the rigid type, consisting of a cylindrical trussed and covered frame supported by internal gas cells, and provided with means of propulsion and control. It… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Zeppelin — Zeppelin: Das Luftschiff ist nach seinem Erfinder Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin (1838–1917) benannt (Anfang des 20. Jh.s) …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Zeppelin — ► NOUN historical ▪ a large German dirigible airship of the early 20th century. ORIGIN named after Ferdinand, Count von Zeppelin (1838 1917), German airship pioneer …   English terms dictionary

  • zeppelin — [zep′ə lin, zep′lin] n. [after Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin (1838 1917), Ger general who designed the original] [often Z ] any rigid airship: commonly used from 1900 to 1937 …   English World dictionary

  • Zeppelin — Zeppelin, ein altes, ursprünglich mecklenburgisches u. pommersches, jetzt in Württemberg begütertes Geschlecht, wo es die Güter Aschhausen u. Buchhof besitzt; es erhielt 1792 die Würde als Reichsgrafen u. 1808 als Reichserbpanner des Königreichs… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”