Tatlin, Vladimir Yevgrafovich

Tatlin, Vladimir Yevgrafovich

▪ Russian sculptor

born Dec. 16 [Dec. 28, New Style], 1885, Kharkov, Russian Empire [now in Ukraine]
died May 31, 1953, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.
 Ukrainian painter, sculptor, and architect remembered for his visionary “Monument to the Third International” in Moscow, 1920.

      Tatlin was educated at the Moscow Academy of Fine Arts, graduating in 1910. Late in 1913 he went to Paris, where he visited Pablo Picasso, whose reliefs in sheet iron, wood, and cardboard made a deep impression on him. Returning to Moscow, Tatlin created constructions that he called “painting reliefs,” which he exhibited at a Futurist exhibition held in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) in February 1915. He became the leader of a group of Moscow artists who tried to apply engineering techniques to the construction of sculpture. This developed into a movement known as Constructivism (q.v.).

      This type of avant-garde art continued for a brief period after the Russian Revolution of 1917, during which time Tatlin created his most famous work—the “Monument to the Third International,” which was one of the first buildings conceived entirely in abstract terms. It was commissioned in 1919 by the department of fine arts and exhibited in the form of a model 22 feet (6.7 m) high at the exhibition of the VIII Congress of the Soviets in December 1920. A striking design, it consisted of a leaning spiral iron framework supporting a glass cylinder, a glass cone, and a glass cube, each of which could be rotated at different speeds. The monument's interior would have contained halls for lectures, conferences, and other activities. The monument was to be the world's tallest structure—more than 1,300 feet (396 m) tall—but it was never built owing to the Soviet government's disapproval of nonfigurative art.

      About 1927 Tatlin began experimentation with a glider that resembled a giant insect. The glider, which he called Letatlin, never flew, but it engaged his interest throughout his later life. After 1933 he worked largely as a stage designer.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Tatlin, Vladimir (Yevgráfovich) — (16 dic. 1885, Járkov, Imperio ruso–31 may. 1953, Moscú, URSS). Escultor y pintor ucraniano. Luego de una visita a París (1914), se convirtió en el líder de un grupo de artistas moscovitas que buscaban aplicar técnicas de ingeniería a la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tatlin, Vladimir (Yevgrafovich) — born Dec. 16, 1885, Kharkov, Russian Empire died May 31, 1953, Moscow, U.S.S.R. Ukrainian sculptor and painter. After a visit to Paris (1914), he became the leader of a group of Moscow artists who sought to apply engineering techniques to… …   Universalium

  • Vladimir Yevgrafovich Tatlin — Wladimir Jewgrafowitsch Tatlin (russisch Владимир Евграфович Татлин, wiss. Transliteration Vladimir Evgrafovič Tatlin; * 16.jul./ 28. Dezember 1885greg. in Moskau; † 31. Mai 1953 ebd.) war ein russischer Maler. Neben Kasimir Malewitsch prägte er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vladímir Tatlin — Vladímir Yevgráfovich Tatlin (Владимир Евграфович Татлин), (28 de diciembre de 1885 Járkov, Ucrania, † 31 de mayo de 1953 Moscú); fue un pintor y escultor ruso, constructivista, que abarcó múltiples facetas: escultura, pintura, proyectos… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • constructivism — constructivist, n., adj. /keuhn struk teuh viz euhm/, n. (sometimes cap.) 1. Fine Arts. a nonrepresentational style of art developed by a group of Russian artists principally in the early 20th century, characterized chiefly by a severely formal… …   Universalium

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