Sacred Pipe

Sacred Pipe

▪ American Indian culture
also called  Peace Pipe  or  Calumet 
 one of the central ceremonial (ceremonial object) objects of the Northeast Indians (Northeast Indian) and Plains Indians (Plains Indian) of North America, it was an object of profound veneration that was smoked on ceremonial occasions. Many Native Americans (American Indian) continued to venerate the Sacred Pipe in the early 21st century.

  The Sacred Pipe was revered as a holy object, and the sacrament of smoking was employed as a major means of communication between humans and sacred beings; the narcotic effect of tobacco and the symbolism of the indrawn and ascending smoke affirmed that such communication took place. The pipe itself was a symbolic microcosm. Its parts, its colours, and the motifs used in its decoration each corresponded to essential parts of the indigenous universe. The pipe was smoked in personal prayer and during collective rituals, and both of these uses commonly began with invocations to the six directions: east, south, west, north, skyward, and earthward. Among some tribes such as the Pawnee, Omaha, and Crow, complex pipe dances were developed that presented smoke offerings to the Almighty on behalf of the entire community.

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Universalium. 2010.

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