Pavia, Battle of

Pavia, Battle of

Europe [1525]
      (Feb. 24, 1525), the decisive military engagement of the war in Italy between Francis I of France and the Habsburg emperor Charles V, in which the French army of 28,000 was virtually annihilated and Francis himself, commanding the French army, was taken prisoner. Francis was sent to Madrid, where, the following year, he concluded peace and surrendered French claims to Italy.

      The French army had been besieging the city of Pavia, 20 miles (30 kilometres) south of Milan, when the 23,000-man Habsburg army under Fernando Francisco de Avalos, marchese di Pescara, arrived to aid the 6,000-man garrison and lift the siege. The battle began as a night surprise attack by the Habsburg army with limited objectives and developed unexpectedly into a decisive battle. A hasty French attack was on the point of encircling Pescara when 1,500 Spanish arquebusiers opened fire on the rear of the French cavalry and riddled the ranks of the French and their allied Swiss infantry. The French attacks thereafter, made by German and Swiss mercenary infantry, were routed. The Spanish counterattack, supported by the Pavia garrison, which joined in the battle, completely swept the French from the field, destroying Francis' army as a fighting force in the process. Spanish hegemony in Italy dates from this battle. The Battle of Pavia also marks the ascendancy of the arquebus, at least in Spanish hands, over mounted shock action (that is, cavalry charges).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Pavia (disambiguation) — Battle of Pavia may refer to the following battles: *Battle of Pavia (271) Alamanni Invasion of the Roman Empire *Battle of Pavia (476) Fall of the Western Roman Empire *Battle of Pavia (569) Lombard Invasion of Italy *Battle of Pavia (773)… …   Wikipedia

  • Pavia — • Diocese in Lombardy, northern Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Pavia     Diocese of Pavia     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Battle of Gazala — Part of Western Desert Campaign The Western Desert around the time of the Gazala battles …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of the Teutoburg Forest — Part of the Roman Germanic wars Cenotaph of Marcus Caelius, 1st …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Marignano — Part of the War of the League of Cambrai Contemporary depiction of the battle, attributed to the Maître à la Ratière …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Montebello — can refer to two battles, fought near Montebello, Province of Pavia, in Northern Italy: *Battle of Montebello (1800), in which the French defeated an Austrian army (9 June 1800). *Battle of Montebello (1859), in which a combined Sardinian French… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Pavia — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Battle of Pavia partof= the Italian War of 1521 caption= Part of The Pavia Tapestry by Bernard van Orley (c. 1531). date= February 24, 1525 place= Pavia, Italy result= Decisive Spanish Imperial victory… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Legnano — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Legnano caption= partof=the Wars of the Guelphs and Ghibellines date=May 29, 1176 place=Legnano, Lombardy, present day Italy result=Decisive Lombard League victory [The Encyclopedia of World History, p …   Wikipedia

  • Pavia — Infobox CityIT official name = Comune di Pavia img coa = Pavia Stemma.png image caption = The Old Bridge (Ponte Vecchio) across the Ticino is a symbol of Pavia region = Lombardy province = Pavia (PV) elevation m = 77 area total km2 = 62 name =… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Bicocca — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Battle of Bicocca partof= the Italian War of 1521–26 caption= Lombardy in 1522. The location of the battle is indicated. date= April 27, 1522 place= Bicocca, north of Milan, present day Italy result= Spanish… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”