Pavie, Auguste

Pavie, Auguste

▪ French explorer
born 1847, Dinan, Fr.
died 1925, Thourie

      French explorer and diplomat, who is best known for his explorations of the Upper Mekong Valley and for having almost single-handedly brought the kingdoms of Laos under French control.

      Pavie went to Cochinchina (now part of southern Vietnam) as a sergeant in the marines in 1869 and subsequently worked in the Post and Telegraphic Department, directing construction of telegraph lines between Phnom Penh, the Cambodian capital, and Bangkok, the capital of Siam, in 1879 and another between Phnom Penh and Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) in 1882. While working on the telegraph lines, he travelled throughout Siam, Cambodia, and Vietnam and gained an intimate knowledge of each country's customs and languages. The French government hoped to gain control of the Lao states of the Mekong River Valley and accredited Pavie to the Siamese government as vice consul in Luang Prabang (Louangphrabang; the former royal capital of Laos) in 1886. During the next five years he travelled throughout northern Laos, winning for France the friendship of local rulers and chiefs and frustrating Siamese attempts to bring order to the region, which was beset by marauding bands of Chinese freebooters (Ho or Haw).

      From 1891 to 1893 Pavie served as consul general in Bangkok and helped bring about the Franco-Siamese Conflict of 1893. Arguing that the Lao states intermittently had been vassals of Vietnam (though much longer dominated by Siam), and that France by taking control of Vietnam now succeeded to Vietnam's rights in Laos, Pavie justified military movements into the Lao states, thus provoking the crisis as a result of which all Lao states east of the Mekong River came under a French protectorate.

      Before returning to France, Pavie conducted an expedition, defining Laos' borders with China, and with Upper Burma, which the British had annexed in 1886. He wrote Mission Pavie: Indochine 1879–1895 (Paris, 1898–1919) and À la conquête des coeurs (1921).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pavie, Auguste-Jean-Marie — (1847 1925)    diplomat, explorer    Born in Dinan, Auguste Jean Marie Pavie was a sergeant in the French colonial infantry in Cochin China (1869 70) where he returned, taking part in the construction of the Phnom Penh Bangkok telegraph line… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Auguste Pavie — (* 31. Mai 1847 in Dinan; † 7. Mai 1925 in Thourie, Ille et Vilaine) war ein französischer Entdecker und Diplomat. Pavie befand sich seit 1875 in Kambodscha und eignete sich dort intensive Kenntnisse der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auguste Pavie — (Dinan 31 May 1847 [ [ Biography of Auguste Pavie] ] Thourie 7 May 1925) was a French colonial civil servant, explorer and diplomat who was instrumental in establishing French control over Laos… …   Wikipedia

  • Pavie (Italie) — Pavie Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pavie (homonymie) et Pavia (homonymie). Pavie La place de la victoire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pavie Ridge — or Cap Pavie or Île Pavie is an isolated rocky ridge rising over 500 m, which extends south and west from Martin Glacier to Moraine Cove, and forms the southeastern limit of Bertrand Ice Piedmont, on the west coast of Graham Land. Pavie Ridge is… …   Wikipedia

  • Pavie — bezeichnet: Gemeinde Pavie in der französischen Region Midi Pyrénées, siehe Pavie (Gers) Rote Rosskastanie, Pflanzenart aus der Gattung der Rosskastanien Château Pavie, Weingut der französischen Gemeinde Saint Émilion in der Region von Bordeaux… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auguste Pavie — Portrait (Mission Pavie en Indochine, exemplaire de la bibliothèque patrimoniale de Gray) Auguste Pavie, né à Dinan en 1847 et mort en 1925 à Thourie, en Ille et Vilaine, est un explorateur, un diplomate et un haut fonctionnaire français. Il fit… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pavie — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pavie (homonymie) et Pavia (homonymie). Pavie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pavie (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pavie est une commune italienne de Lombardie, lieu d une bataille célèbre en 1525. Pavie est une commune française du Gers. Pavie patronyme Auguste Pavie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Samuel Auguste Tissot — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tissot. Samuel Auguste Tissot …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”