Loutherbourg, Philip James de
- Loutherbourg, Philip James de
Loutherbourg also spelled Lutherbourg , or Lauterbourg , also called Philipp Jakob II , or Jacques Philippe II
born Oct. 31, 1740, Fulda, Abbacy of Fulda
died March 11, 1812, Chiswick, Middlesex, Eng.
early Romantic painter, illustrator, printmaker, and scenographer, especially known for his paintings of landscapes and battles and for his innovative scenery designs and special effects for the theatre.
First trained under his father, a miniature painter from Strasbourg, about 1755 he worked in Paris under Charles Van Loo, the Tischbeins, and finally Francesco Casanova. He was received into the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in 1767, and at the official Salon exhibitions he won the praise of Denis Diderot.
In 1771 he went to London with an introduction to the actor-manager David Garrick (Garrick, David
), who hired him in 1773 as his regular adviser on scenic (stage design
) effects at Drury Lane Theatre. Loutherbourg created elaborate Romantic settings that were designed to bathe the entire stage in an atmosphere of picturesque illusion. He worked as a theatrical designer until 1785 and is considered the first to have introduced scrims (gauzes that appear solid or transparent depending on the direction of light) and three-dimensional scenery. He also experimented with coloured media for lighting. His Eidophusikon, a miniature theatre, demonstrated these techniques in a smaller, more controlled environment.
He was made a member of the British Royal Academy in 1780. He illustrated Macklin's Bible and an edition of the works of Shakespeare. His Romantic landscapes influenced J.M.W. Turner and other English artists.
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Philip James de Loutherbourg — The Battle of Camperdown (1799) … Wikipedia
Loutherbourg — [ laʊȓəbəːg], Philippe Jacques de, auch Philip James de Loutherbourg, englischer Maler, * Straßburg 31. 10. 1740, ✝ London 11. 3. 1812; ausgebildet in Paris; ließ sich 1771 in London nieder. Loutherbourg malte Theaterdekorationen, Landschaften … Universal-Lexikon
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Philippe-jacques de loutherbourg — Naissance 31 octobre 1740 Strasbourg, France Décès 11 mars 1812 (à 71 ans) Chiswicket, Royaume Uni Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
Philippe-Jacques de Loutherbourg — Naissance 31 octobre 1740 Strasbourg, France Décès 11 mars 1812 (à 71 ans) Chiswicket, Royaume Uni Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
Dr James Graham — (1745–1794) was a pioneer in sex therapy with a genius for spectacle, best known for his electro magnetic musical Grand State Celestial Bed. It was designed to make the feeble fertile and produce perfect babies. For several centuries Graham was… … Wikipedia
theatre — /thee euh teuhr, theeeu /, n. theater. * * * I Building or space in which performances are given before an audience. It contains an auditorium and stage. In ancient Greece, where Western theatre began (5th century BC), theatres were constructed… … Universalium
Garrick, David — born Feb. 19, 1717, Hereford, Herefordshire, Eng. died Jan. 20, 1779, London British actor, producer, and playwright. Tutored in his boyhood by Samuel Johnson, he settled in London as a wine merchant before winning fame with his acting debut as… … Universalium
diorama — dioramic, adj. /duy euh ram euh, rah meuh/, n. 1. a scene, often in miniature, reproduced in three dimensions by placing objects, figures, etc., in front of a painted background. 2. a life size display representing a scene from nature, a… … Universalium
puppetry — /pup i tree/, n., pl. puppetries. 1. the art of making puppets or presenting puppet shows. 2. the action of puppets. 3. mummery; mere show. 4. puppets collectively. [1520 30; see PUPPET, RY] * * * Art of creating and manipulating puppets in a… … Universalium