Laban, Rudolf

Laban, Rudolf

▪ European dance theorist
also called  Rudolf Von Laban  
born Dec. 15, 1879, Bratislava, Austria-Hungary [now in Slovakia]
died July 1, 1958, Weybridge, Surrey, Eng.

      dance theorist and teacher whose studies of human motion provided the intellectual foundations for the development of central European modern dance. Laban also developed labanotation, a widely used movement-notation system.

      Originally interested in painting and architecture, Laban began to study dance in Paris. After choreographing ballets and directing several art festivals, he established his Choreographic Institute in Zürich in 1915 and later founded branches in Italy, France, and central Europe. In 1928 he published Kinetographie Laban, a practical method for recording all forms of human motion, now commonly known as Labanotation. In 1930 he became director of the Allied State Theatres of Berlin, where he choreographed many works for large “movement choirs.”

      Laban's theories and teaching had great impact in central Europe. His analysis of forms in movement, known as choreutics, was a nonpersonal, scientific system designed, like Labanotation, to apply to all human motion. Based on the individual's relation to surrounding space, choreutics specified 12 primary directions of movement derived from complex geometric figures. Another of his theoretical systems, called eukinetics, was designed to increase the dancer's control of dynamic and expressional movement. Mary Wigman (Wigman, Mary), one of his pupils and one of the originators of the modern dance in central Europe, based much of her dramatic choreography on a relationship between individual and space similar to the one Laban postulated in choreutics. Sigurd Leeder and Kurt Jooss (Jooss, Kurt), also pupils, further developed and made extensive use of eukinetics in their teaching and choreography.

      In 1938 Laban joined Jooss and Leeder at their school at Dartington Hall in Devon, Eng. During World War II, Laban made a number of studies of industrial efficiency, devised a series of corrective exercises for factory employees, and published Effort (1947). In 1953 he moved to Addlestone, Surrey, where he continued his teaching and research; with Lisa Ullmann, he also conducted the Art of Movement Studio.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Laban, Rudolf (von) — born Dec. 15, 1879, Bratislava, Austria Hungary died July 1, 1958, Weybridge, Surrey, Eng. Hungarian modern dance teacher, inventor of the Labanotation system of dance notation. After studying dance in Paris, he opened his Choreographic Institute …   Universalium

  • Laban, Rudolf (von) — (15 dic. 1879, Bratislava, Austria Hungría–1 jul. 1958, Weybridge, Surrey, Inglaterra). Profesor de danza moderna húngaro, creador del sistema de notación coreográfica llamado labanotación. Después de estudiar danza en París, en 1915 fundó el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Rudolf — /rooh dolf/, n. 1. Max, born 1902, U.S. orchestra conductor, born in Germany. 2. Lake, former name of Turkana (def. 3). 3. a male given name, form of Rolf. * * * I born Aug. 21, 1858, Schloss Laxenburg, near Vienna, Austria died Jan. 30, 1889,… …   Universalium

  • Rudolf — (as used in expressions) Bing, Sir Rudolf Bultmann, Rudolf (Karl) Carnap, Rudolf Diesel, Rudolf Christian Karl Eucken, Rudolf Christoph Friml, (Charles) Rudolf Frisch, Max (Rudolf) Hertz, Heinrich (Rudolf) Hess, (Walter Richard) Rudolf Hess,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rudolf von Laban — inmitten seiner Schüler, ca 1929. Rudolf von Laban (eigentlich Rezső Laban de Váraljas, auch Rudolf Laban oder Rudolph von Laban; * 15. Dezember 1879 in Pressburg; † 1. Juli 1958 in Weybridge, Surrey) war ein ungarischer Tänzer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rudolf Laban — Rudolf Laban, a dance artist and theorist, whose work laid the foundations for Laban Movement Analysis, and other more specific developments. Laban s parents were Hungarian, although his father s family came from France, and his mother s family… …   Wikipedia

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  • Laban Movement Analysis — (LMA) is a system and language for understanding, observing, describing and notating all forms of movement. Devised by Rudolf Laban, LMA draws on his theories of effort and shape to describe, interpret and document human movement. Used as a tool… …   Wikipedia

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