Labadie, Jean de

Labadie, Jean de

▪ French theologian
born Feb. 13, 1610, Bourg, near Bordeaux, France
died Feb. 13, 1674, Altona, near Hamburg
 French theologian, a Protestant convert from Roman Catholicism who founded the Labadists, a Pietist community.

      While a novice in the Jesuit religious order at Bordeaux, France, Labadie claimed a vision to reform the church. In 1639, however, seriously ill and increasingly dissatisfied with the Jesuits, he obtained their permission to leave the order. In 1644 Labadie founded several small societies dedicated to frequent communion and holy life. Called pietistic for their stress on the practice of godliness, these communities influenced similar ones begun later by the founder of the German Pietist movement, P.J. Spener (1635–1705). Growing opposition from both civil authorities and the Jesuits caused Labadie to change residence several times. After reading John Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536), he declared formal allegiance to the Reformed Church at Montauban in October 1650 and became professor of theology there the same year. Expelled for unorthodoxy in 1657, he sought refuge in Orange and then in 1659 in Geneva, where Spener heard him preach. In 1666, after being suspended from his ministry in the French church at Middleburg, Labadie fled to Amsterdam, where he founded a separatist group of Pietists. Excommunicated from the Reformed Church in 1670, he went with his group to Herford and then two years later to Altona, the Mennonite sanctuary.

      By that time the basic Labadist principles centred upon an existence in which goods and meals were held in common. Labadie taught that the church consisted only of those regenerated by the Holy Spirit and asserted that the sacraments could be administered to them alone. He became increasingly separatist in his views during his later years, and his community never grew beyond a few hundred members. Although Labadist colonies were established by emigrants to the Western Hemisphere, they did not survive past 1730. The remaining community in Europe, at Wiewert, in West Friesland (now in The Netherlands), was dissolved in 1732. Among Labadie's more than 70 writings is La Réforme de l'église par le pastorat (1667; “The Reform of the Church Through the Clergy”).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Labadie, Jean de — (1610 1674)    mystic and reformer    Born in Bourg, Guyenne, Jean de Labadie, a Jesuit, then an oratorian priest, was drawn for some time to Jansenism before converting to Calvinism at Montauban in 1650. As pastor at Middelbourg, the Netherlands …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • LABADIE, Jean de — (1610–1674)    Born in Bourg (Bordeaux, France), de Labadie was appointed a Calvinist minister at Middel burg, Zeeland, in 1666 but was removed in 1669 because of hetero doxy. He settled in Herford (Westphalia, Germany) and later Altona (Holstein …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • LaBadie, Jean de — (1610–74)    Mystic and Order Founder.    Labadie was born near Bordeaux, France. He was ordained as a Roman Catholic priest, but he later became a Protestant minister serving congregations in Geneva and the Netherlands. He formed a community in… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

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  • Jean de Labadie — Jean de Labadie. Jean de Labadie (né à Bourg, le 13 février 1610 – décédé à Altona (alors au Danemark), le 13 février 1674) a été le fondateur d une secte à laquelle il a donné son nom, celle des Labadistes. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean de Labadie — (* 13. Februar 1610 bei Bourg bei Bordeaux; † 13. Februar 1674 in Altona) war ein Mystiker und pietistischer Separatist. Jean de Labadie studierte als junger Mann auf französischen Jesuitenkollegien und t …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean de Labadie — Jean de Labadie. Jean de Labadie (Bourg, 13 de febrero de 1610 – Altona, 13 de febrero de 1674) fue un teólogo francés que combinó la influencia del jansenismo y el pietismo, desarrollando una forma de cristianismo radical que ponía el énfasis en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Labadie — Jean de Labadie Jean de Labadie (* 13. Februar 1610 bei Bourg bei Bordeaux; † 13. Februar 1674 in Altona) war ein Mystiker und pietistischer Separatist. Jean de Labadie war anfangs Jesuit, verließ aber 1639 den Orden und trat am 16. Ok …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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