Bethune, Mary McLeod

Bethune, Mary McLeod

▪ American educator
born July 10, 1875, Mayesville, S.C., U.S.
died May 18, 1955, Daytona Beach, Fla.
  American educator who was active nationally in African American affairs and was a special adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt on the problems of minority groups.

      Mary McLeod was the daughter of former slaves. She graduated from Scotia Seminary (now Barber-Scotia College) in Concord, North Carolina, in 1893 and from the Moody Bible Institute in Chicago in 1895. She married Albertus L. Bethune in 1898, and until 1903 she taught in a succession of small Southern schools.

      In 1904 Bethune moved to the east coast of Florida, where a large African American population had grown up at the time of the construction of the Florida East Coast Railway, and in Daytona Beach, in October, she opened a school of her own, the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls. Having virtually no tangible assets with which to start, she worked tirelessly to build a schoolhouse, solicit help and contributions, and enlist the goodwill of both the African American and white communities. In 1923 the school was merged with the Cookman Institute for Men, then in Jacksonville, Florida, to form what was known from 1929 as Bethune-Cookman College in Daytona Beach. Bethune remained president of the college until 1942 and again from 1946 to 1947. Under her administration the college won full accreditation and grew to an enrollment of more than 1,000.

      Bethune's efforts on behalf of education and of improved racial relations brought her to national prominence, and in 1936 she was appointed administrative assistant for Negro affairs (a title changed in 1939 to director of the division of Negro affairs) of the National Youth Administration by President Franklin D. Roosevelt (Roosevelt, Franklin D.), a post she held until 1944. In 1935 she founded the National Council of Negro Women, of which she remained president until 1949, and she was vice president of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People from 1940 to 1955. She was an adviser on minority affairs to Roosevelt and assisted the secretary of war in selecting officer candidates for the U.S. Women's Army Corps (WAC).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bethune,Mary McLeod — Be·thune (bə tho͞onʹ, thyo͞onʹ), Mary McLeod. 1875 1955. American educator who sought improved racial relations and educational opportunities for Black Americans. She was part of the U.S. delegation to the first United Nations meeting (1945). * * …   Universalium

  • Bethune, Mary McLeod — (1875 1955)    Born one of 17 children to former slave parents in South Carolina, Mary McCleod Bethune attended a one room schoolhouse before gaining a college education. She taught in Georgia and South Carolina and then established the Daytona… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

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  • Mary McLeod Bethune Memorial — is a bronze statue of Mary McLeod Bethune, by Robert Berks.[1] It is located in Lincoln Park, at East Capitol Street and 12th Street N.E. Washi …   Wikipedia

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  • Mary McLeod Bethune — (1949) Mary McLeod Bethune, porträtiert von Betsy Graves Reyneau …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mary McLeod Bethune — Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (10 juillet 1875 – 18 mai 1955) est une éducatrice américaine et défenseuse des droits citoyens. Elle a créé une école pour les étudiants noirs de Daytona Beach en Floride qui est devenue l université… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bethune, Mary (Jane) McLeod — orig. Mary Jane McLeod born July 10, 1875, Mayesville, S.C., U.S. died May 18, 1955, Daytona Beach, Fla. U.S. educator. Born to former slaves, she made her way through college and in 1904 founded a school that later became part of Bethune Cookman …   Universalium

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