Bosch Gavino, Juan

Bosch Gavino, Juan
▪ 2002

      Dominican writer and politician (b. June 30, 1909, La Vega, Dom.Rep.—d. Nov. 1, 2001, Santo Domingo, Dom.Rep.), was the country's first democratically elected president. Serving only seven months in 1963 before being deposed, he nonetheless remained a power in Dominican politics. He left secondary school at the end of his third year. A foe of dictator Rafael Trujillo, he went into exile in the late 1930s. In 1939 he founded the Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD), the country first political party. After Trujillo's assassination in 1961, Bosch returned and ran for president in the election of Dec. 20, 1962. With the support of the poor, the middle class, and intellectuals, he won almost two-thirds of the votes. Bosch took office on Feb. 27, 1963, with a program of land reform, nationalization of certain businesses, and curbs on the power of the military; a new constitution was adopted in April. Although he was a cautious reformer, he earned the enmity of landowners, businessmen, and the military, as well as of the Roman Catholic Church and of the U.S., which saw him as a leftist. On Sept. 25, 1963, he was overthrown in a military coup, which was followed by civil war and, in April 1965, an invasion by U.S. troops. He returned from exile to run in the election of 1966 but lost. In 1973 he split with the PRD to form the Dominican Liberation Party. Although he ran for president another five times, he never regained power. A charismatic orator, he also was a prolific writer and published essays, novels and short stories, biographies of Pablo Duarte and Simón Bolívar, and historical works that included a history of the Caribbean.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bosch (Gaviño), Juan — born June 30, 1909, La Vega, Dom. Rep. died Nov. 1, 2001, Santo Domingo Scholar, poet, and president of the Dominican Republic (1963). Bosch was raised in a lower middle class family. Dismayed by the brutality of the dictator Rafael Trujillo, he… …   Universalium

  • Bosch (Gaviño), Juan — (30 jun. 1909, La Vega, República Dominicana–1 nov. 2001, Santo Domingo). Académico, poeta y presidente de República Dominicana (1963). Fue criado en una familia de clase media baja. Consternado por la brutalidad del dictador Rafael Trujillo,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Juan Bosch Gavino — Juan Bosch 1965 Juan Emilio Bosch Gaviño (* 30. Juni 1909 in La Vega; † 1. November 2001 in Santo Domingo) war ein Politiker, Staatschef und Schriftsteller der Dominikanischen Republik. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juan Bosch Gaviño — Juan Bosch 1965 Juan Emilio Bosch Gaviño (* 30. Juni 1909 in La Vega; † 1. November 2001 in Santo Domingo) war ein Politiker, Staatschef und Schriftsteller der Dominikanischen Republik. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juan Bosch Gaviño — Juan Emilio Bosch y Gaviño Pour les articles homonymes, voir Juan Bosch. Juan Emilio Bosch y Gaviño Juan Emilio Bosch y Gaviño (30 juin 190 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Juan Bosch — 55°Presidente de la República Dominicana 27 febrero 1963 – 25 septiembre 1963 Vicepresidente   Arma …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bosch — Bosch, Andrés Bosch, Hieronymus van Aken Bosch, Juan Bosch, Karl * * * (as used in expressions) Bosch, Hië ronymus Bosch (Gaviño), Juan Haber Bosch, proceso de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bosch — /bosh/; Ger., Sp. /bawsh/; Du. /baws/, n. 1. Carl or Karl, 1874 1940, German chemist: Nobel prize 1931. 2. Hieronymus /huy euh ron euh meuhs/; Du. /hee euh rddoh nee mues/, (Hieronymus van Aeken), 1450? 1516, Dutch painter. 3 …   Universalium

  • Juan — ► sustantivo masculino 1 coloquial En la expresión don juan, se usa para designar al hombre audaz y mujeriego. SINÓNIMO tenorio 2 coloquial Se utiliza para señalar a un hombre de poco carácter, que se deja conducir por otros, especialmente, por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Juan — /wahn/; Sp. /hwahn/, n. a male given name, Spanish form of John. * * * (as used in expressions) Arévalo Bermejo Juan José Bosch Gaviño Juan Cabrillo Juan Rodríguez Don Juan Finlay Carlos Juan Gómez Juan Vicente Gris Juan Jiménez Juan Ramón Juan… …   Universalium

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