- Sharīk Peninsula
or Cape Bon PeninsulaPeninsula, northeastern Tunisia.Extending northeast into the Mediterranean Sea, it is about 50 mi (80 km) long. During World War II (1939–45), it was occupied by German troops in retreat from Egypt and Libya (1943); they soon surrendered to the Allied Powers there.
* * *also called Cape Bon Peninsulapeninsula of northeastern Tunisia, 20 miles (32 km) wide and protruding 50 miles (80 km) into the Mediterranean Sea between the Gulfs of Tunis and Hammamet. The ruins of the old Punic town of Kerkouane, which date from the 6th century BCE, are located there. During World War II it was also the site of the surrender of more than 250,000 Germans and Italians to the Allies in 1943. A region of hills and fertile plains, with a Mediterranean climate and adequate rainfall, it is noted for its irrigated market gardens, orchards (especially oranges), and olive groves. It also has important vineyards, fishing ports, beach resorts, and natural gas deposits. Main centres include Nabeul (Nābul), an administrative centre as well as a site of pottery and handicraft production; Qulaybiyyah (Kélibia), a fishing port; and Al-Ḥammāmāt (Hammāmāt, Al-) (Hammamet), a fishing port and beach resort.
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