Hayne, Robert Young

Hayne, Robert Young
born Nov. 10, 1791, Colleton District, S.C., U.S.
died Sept. 24, 1839, Asheville, N.C.

U.S. politician.

In 1823 he entered the U.S. Senate, where he became a spokesman for the South and the doctrine of states' rights. In his famous 1830 debate with Daniel Webster on the Constitution, he argued that the federal Constitution was a compact among the states and that any state might nullify a federal law that it considered in violation of the constitutional compact (see nullification). At the South Carolina nullification convention in 1832, he developed an ordinance that declared federal tariff laws null and void in the state. Resigning from the Senate in 1832, he served as governor of South Carolina (1832–34) and as mayor of Charleston (1834–37).

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▪ American politician
born Nov. 10, 1791, Colleton District, S.C., U.S.
died Sept. 24, 1839, Asheville, N.C.

      American lawyer, political leader, and spokesman for the South, best-remembered for his debate with Daniel Webster (Webster, Daniel) (1830), in which he set forth a doctrine of nullification.

      Hayne entered the U.S. Senate in 1823 and soon became prominent as a spokesman for the South and for the doctrine of states' rights. In his debate with Webster, Hayne argued that the federal Constitution was a compact among the states, and that any state might nullify a federal law that it considered in violation of the constitutional compact. In 1832, as a member of the South Carolina nullification convention, he helped pass an ordinance declaring federal tariff laws null and void in the state. Hayne resigned from the Senate in 1832, and after serving as governor of South Carolina (1832–34) and mayor of Charleston (1834–37), he became president of the abortive Louisville, Cincinnati, and Charleston Railroad (1837–39).

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Universalium. 2010.

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