Delaunay, Robert

Delaunay, Robert
born April 12, 1885, Paris, Fr.
died Oct. 25, 1941, Montpellier

French painter.

He spent his early career as a part-time designer of stage scenery and came under the influence of Neo-Impressionism, Fauvism, and Cubism. In 1909–11 his colour experiments culminated in a series of paintings of the Eiffel Tower, which combined fragmented Cubist forms with dynamic movement and vibrant colour. The introduction of bright colour to Cubism
a style that came to be known as Orphism
distinguished his work from that of the more orthodox Cubist painters and influenced the artists of Der Blaue Reiter. With his wife, the Ukrainian-born painter and textile designer Sonia Terk Delaunay (1885–1979), he painted abstract mural decorations for the 1937 Paris Exposition.

Eiffel Tower, an oil painting on canvas by Robert Delaunay from ...

Deposited by Emanuel Hoffmann-Foundation in Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland; photograph, Hans Hinz

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▪ French painter

born April 12, 1885, Paris
died Oct. 25, 1941, Montpellier, Fr.
 French painter who first introduced vibrant colour into Cubism and thereby originated the trend in Cubist painting known as Orphism (q.v.). He was one of the earliest completely nonrepresentational painters, and his work affected the development of abstract art based on the compositional tensions created by juxtaposed planes of colour.

      Delaunay was at first a theatre designer and painted only part-time. But he soon came under the influence of the Neo-Impressionists' use of colour. By 1910 he had made his own contribution to Cubism in two series of paintings, cathedrals and the “Eiffel Tower,” which combined fragmented Cubist form with dynamic movement and vibrant colour. This new and individual use of pictorial rhythms and colour harmonies had an immediate appeal to the senses and, combined with poetic subject matter, distinguished him from the more orthodox Cubist painters. His Orphic style, adopted also by his wife, the painter Sonia Terk Delaunay (Delaunay, Sonia) (1885–1979), had an immediate influence on the work of Der Blaue Reiter (Blaue Reiter, Der) (The Blue Rider), a Munich-based group of Expressionist painters.

      Two years later he found his way toward completely nonobjective painting when he made his “Colour Disks” and “Windows” series of paintings. Together with his wife, Delaunay worked on large and impressive abstract mural decorations for the Paris Exposition of 1937. Delaunay continued to paint works that restated his Orphic theories.

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  • Delaunay, Robert — ► (1885 1941) Pintor francés. Conoció a Metzinger y empezó a descomponer los objetos reales. Se acercó al cubismo, para abandonarlo luego en favor del orfismo: Las ventanas. Introdujo en Francia el arte abstracto. * * * (12 abr. 1885, París,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Delaunay, Robert — (1885 1941)    painter    A pioneer of abstract art, Robert Delaunay was born in Montpellier. After an apprenticeship in the workshop of a theater set designer, he was influenced by paul gauguin and the Pont Avers school, became interested in the …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Delaunay — Delaunay, Robert …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Delaunay — Simultaneous Windows on the City, 1912, by Robert Delaunay, Hamburger Kunsthalle Born 12 April 1885 Paris, France Died …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Delaunay — (* 12. April 1885 in Paris; † 25. Oktober 1941 in Montpellier; eigentlich Robert Victor Felix Delaunay) war ein französischer Maler und gilt als Hauptvertreter des orphischen Kubismus, auch Orphismus genannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Delaunay — (Robert) (1885 1941) peintre français. Il passa du cubisme à une organisation rythmique (série des Tour Eiffel, à partir de 1909). Cet orphisme (mot d Apollinaire) déboucha sur l abstraction: Rythmes sans fin (1933 1934) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Robert Delaunay — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Delaunay. Robert Victor Félix Delaunay, né le 12 avril 1885 à Paris 16e[1] et mort le 25 octobre 1941 à Montpellier, est un peintre français ab …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Delaunay-Terk — Sonia Delaunay Terk (russisch Соня Делоне Терк; * 14. November 1885 in Gradizsk Nähe Odessa, Ukraine; † 5. Dezember 1979 in Paris) war eine russisch französische Malerin und Designerin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Bekannte Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Delaunay, Sonia — ▪ French artist original name  Sofia Ilinitchna Terk  born November 14, 1885, Gradizhsk, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Ukraine] died December 5, 1979, Paris, France       Russian painter, illustrator, and textile designer who was a pioneer of… …   Universalium

  • Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… …   Universalium

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