Delaunay, Sonia

Delaunay, Sonia

▪ French artist
original name  Sofia Ilinitchna Terk 
born November 14, 1885, Gradizhsk, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Ukraine]
died December 5, 1979, Paris, France

      Russian painter, illustrator, and textile designer who was a pioneer of abstract art in the years before World War I.

      Delaunay grew up in St. Petersburg. She studied drawing in Karlsruhe, Germany, and in 1905 moved to Paris, where she was influenced by the Post-Impressionists (Post-Impressionism) and the Fauvists (Fauvism). She married the artist Robert Delaunay (Delaunay, Robert) in 1910, by which time she was painting in the style known as Orphism, which involved the harmonious juxtaposition of areas of pure colour. She extended Orphist principles to the design of fabrics, pottery decoration, stage sets, and other applied arts. Among her most important works were her Orphist illustrations for a poem by Blaise Cendrars (Cendrars, Blaise) entitled La Prose du Transsibérien et de la petite Jehanne de France (1913; “The Prose of the Trans-Siberian and of Little Jehanne of France”); the resulting volume was a landmark in modern book production.

      During the 1920s Delaunay designed textiles and dresses, and her use of abstract colour harmonies had a strong influence on international fashion. She returned to painting in the 1930s, joining the Abstraction-Création association in 1931. She and Robert Delaunay became involved in public art projects, and they collaborated on vast murals for the Paris Exposition of 1937. After her husband's death in 1941, Delaunay continued to work as a painter and designer, and she lived to see the mounting of retrospectives of her work by major museums from the 1950s onward. In 1964 she became the only woman to have had an exhibition at the Louvre Museum in her own lifetime.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Delaunay, Sonia — (1885 1979)    Born Sonia Turk into a Jewish family in the Ukraine, she studied art in Germany and Paris. She married painter Robert Delaunay in 1910 and went on to become a printmaker, artist, and dress designer who embodied the fashion movement …   Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry

  • Delaunay, Sonia — (1885 1979)    painter    Born in Odessa, Ukraine, Sonia Terk (in 1910 she married robert delaunay) studied first in St. Petersburg and in Germany before coming to Paris in 1906. Her first exhibition (paintings, fabrics, bookbindings) showed the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Sonia Delaunay — (née Terk) (1885 ndash; 1979) was a Jewish French artist who, with her husband Robert Delaunay and others, cofounded the Orphism art movement, noted for its use of strong colors and geometric shapes. Her work extends to painting, textile design… …   Wikipedia

  • Sonia Delaunay-Terk — Sonia Delaunay Pour les articles homonymes, voir Delaunay. Sonia Delaunay, née Sarah Stern le 14 novembre 1885 à Gradijsk, près d Odessa en Ukraine) et morte le 5 décembre 1979 à Paris, est un peintre d origine russe et naturalisée… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sonia Terk-Delaunay — Sonia Delaunay Pour les articles homonymes, voir Delaunay. Sonia Delaunay, née Sarah Stern le 14 novembre 1885 à Gradijsk, près d Odessa en Ukraine) et morte le 5 décembre 1979 à Paris, est un peintre d origine russe et naturalisée… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sonia Delaunay — (en ruso Соня Делоне Терк Sonia Deloné Terk; Odesa, 1885 París, 1979) fue una pintora y diseñadora francesa de origen ucraniano, casada con el pintor Robert Delaunay …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sonia Delaunay — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Delaunay. Matra M530 décorée par Sonia Delaunay. Sonia Delaunay, née Sarah Stern le 14 novembre 1885 à Gradijsk (prè …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Delaunay, Robert — born April 12, 1885, Paris, Fr. died Oct. 25, 1941, Montpellier French painter. He spent his early career as a part time designer of stage scenery and came under the influence of Neo Impressionism, Fauvism, and Cubism. In 1909–11 his colour… …   Universalium

  • Sonia Delaunay — Terk (russisch Соня Делоне Терк; * 14. November 1885 in Gradizsk Nähe Odessa, Ukraine; † 5. Dezember 1979 in Paris) war eine russisch französische Malerin und Designerin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Bekannte Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sonia Delaunay-Terk — (russisch Соня Делоне Терк; * 14. November 1885 in Gradischsk Nähe Odessa, Ukraine; † 5. Dezember 1979 in Paris) war eine russisch französische Malerin und Designerin. Geburtsname: Sarah (andere Angabe: Sophia) Ilinitchna Stern. Namensänderung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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