Blakey, Art

Blakey, Art
later Abdullah Ibn Buhaina

born Oct. 11, 1919, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S.
died Oct. 16, 1990, New York, N.Y.

U.S. jazz drummer and bandleader.

He worked with Fletcher Henderson's big band before joining Billy Eckstine's forward-looking ensemble (1944–47). Blakey's prodigious technique and thunderous attack assured his role as one of the principal drum stylists in modern jazz. With Horace Silver, Blakey formed the Jazz Messengers in 1954, and the group, with its aggressive blues-inflected approach, became the archetypal hard-bop unit (see bebop).

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▪ American musician
also called  Abdullah Ibn Buhaina  
born Oct. 11, 1919, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S.
died Oct. 16, 1990, New York, N.Y.
 American drummer and bandleader noted for his extraordinary drum solos, which helped define the offshoot of bebop known as “hard bop” and gave the drums a significant solo status. His style was characterized by thunderous press rolls, cross beats, and drum rolls that began as quiet tremblings and grew into frenzied explosions.

      Blakey taught himself to play the piano while he was a teenager and performed on piano (and later drums) in jazz clubs in the evenings while working in the steel mills by day. Beginning in 1939, as a drummer, he performed with several bands, most notably (1944–47) with that of Billy Eckstine (Eckstine, Billy). Among the artists he met and performed with during that period were Dizzy Gillespie (Gillespie, Dizzy), Sarah Vaughan (Vaughan, Sarah), Charlie Parker (Parker, Charlie), Dexter Gordon (Gordon, Dexter), and Billie Holiday (Holiday, Billie).

      When Eckstine's band broke up, Blakey traveled to Africa, a trip that led to his conversion to Islām. Upon his return to the United States he was hired to play drums on several Blue Note Records recordings with jazz pianist Thelonious Monk (Monk, Thelonious). With Horace Silver (Silver, Horace), Blakey founded the Jazz Messengers (1954), toured Europe, and recorded (1955–61) a brilliant string of records for the Blue Note label. By encouraging young musicians to become members of the Jazz Messengers, Blakey gave them valuable experience as jazz performers; over the years the ensemble included such notable jazzmen as Clifford Brown (Brown, Clifford), Donald Byrd, Benny Golson, Johnny Griffin, Jackie McLean (McLean, Jackie), Lee Morgan (Morgan, Lee), and Wayne Shorter (Shorter, Wayne).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Blakey,Art — Bla·key (blāʹkē), Art. 1919 1990. American jazz drummer who initiated the practice of cross rhythm drumming and integrated drums into small group arrangements. * * * …   Universalium

  • Art Blakey — The Jazz Messengers à Lougonven (Bretagne, France) en 1985 Surnom Abdullah Ibn Buhaina Nom Arthur Blakey …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Art Blakey — [Art Blakey] (1919–90) (also called Abdulla Ibn Buhaina) a US ↑jazz musician who played the drums. From 1954 he led a small group, the Jazz Messengers, and one of their most successful records was Buhaina’s …   Useful english dictionary

  • Art Blakey — Infobox musical artist | Name = Art Blakey Img capt = Blakey in 1985 Landscape = yes Background = non vocal instrumentalist Birth name = Arthur Blakey Alias = Abdullah Ibn Buhaina Born = Birth date|1919|10|11 Died = death date and… …   Wikipedia

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  • art — art1 /ahrt/, n. 1. the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance. 2. the class of objects subject to aesthetic criteria; works of art… …   Universalium

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  • art — (as used in expressions) art brut art déco Art Ensemble of Chicago Art Institute of Chicago art nouveau Blakey, Art Cooper Union (for the Advancement of Science and Art) art informel land art o …   Enciclopedia Universal

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