Blalock, Alfred

Blalock, Alfred
born April 5, 1899, Culloden, Ga., U.S.
died Sept. 15, 1964, Baltimore, Md.

U.S. surgeon.

He received an M.D. from Johns Hopkins University. His research, showing that traumatic and hemorrhagic shock resulted from loss of blood volume, led to volume-replacement treatment, which saved countless lives during World War II. He is remembered for his development, with Helen Brooke Taussig, of a surgical treatment for heart malformations in newborns. In 1944 he performed the first subclavian-pulmonary artery anastomosis operation, which corrected the birth defect.

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▪ American physician
born April 5, 1899, Culloden, Ga., U.S.
died Sept. 15, 1964, Baltimore, Md.

      American surgeon who, with pediatric cardiologist Helen B. Taussig, devised a surgical treatment for infants born with the condition known as the tetralogy of Fallot (Fallot, tetralogy of), or “blue baby” syndrome.

      After graduating from the University of Georgia in 1918 Blalock entered the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, from which he received his M.D. degree in 1922. From 1925 to 1941 he was a resident in surgery in the school of medicine of Vanderbilt University. During that time he conducted research on traumatic and hemorrhagic shock; his conclusion that the effects of shock were due to loss of blood volume led to the volume-replacement treatment that was credited with saving countless lives during World War II.

      Blalock returned to Johns Hopkins in 1941 as professor and head of the department of surgery in the school of medicine and as surgeon-in-chief of the Johns Hopkins Hospital. In collaboration with Taussig (Taussig, Helen Brooke), Blalock devised a procedure known as subclavian-pulmonary artery anastomosis, by which the congenital heart defect that produced the “blue baby” syndrome could be corrected and the patient enabled to lead a nearly normal life. The first such operation was performed by Blalock in 1944.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Blalock, Alfred — (5 abr. 1899, Culloden, Ga., EE.UU.–15 sep. 1964, Baltimore, Md.). Cirujano estadounidense. Obtuvo su M.D. en la Universidad Johns Hopkins. Sus investigaciones, que mostraron que el choque traumático y hemorrágico era consecuencia de la pérdida… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfred Blalock — Born April 5, 1899 Culloden, Georgia, United States Died September 15, 1964(1964 09 15) (aged 65) Education University of Georgia Johns Hopkins Medical School …   Wikipedia

  • Blalock-Taussig operation — A pioneering heart operation named after the American surgeon Alfred Blalock (1899 1964) and the pediatric cardiologist Helen B. Taussig (1898 1986). Dr. Taussig designed and Dr. Blalock carried out the first “blue baby” operation to treat a… …   Medical dictionary

  • Blalock-Taussig-Shunt — Die Blalock Taussig Anastomose oder Blalock Taussig Shunt (nach Alfred Blalock, Chirurg, Baltimore, 1899–1964 und Helen Brooke Taussig, Kardiologin, Baltimore/Boston, 1898–1986) wird, früher als abschließende, heute als vorbereitende… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred — /al fred, frid/, n. a male given name: from the Old English words meaning elf and counsel. * * * I known as Alfred the Great born 849 died 899 King of Wessex (871–99) in southwestern England. He joined his brother Ethelred I in confronting a… …   Universalium

  • Alfred — (as used in expressions) Adler, Alfred Ayer, Sir A(lfred) J(ules) Binet, Alfred Birney, (Alfred) Earle Blalock, Alfred Brauchitsch, (Heinrich Alfred) Walther von Alfred Bryant Renton Leonard Alfred Schneider Alfred Gerald Caplin Cerf, Bennett… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfred Blalock — (* 5. April 1899 in Culloden, Georgia; † 15. September 1964) war ein US amerikanischer Chirurg. Er wurde insbesondere bekannt durch seine wegweisenden medizinischen Forschungen auf dem Gebiet des traumatischen Schocks und die Blalock Taussig… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Blalock — is a surname and may refer to:In medicine:* Alfred Blalock, 20th century American innovator in the field of medical science most noted for his research on the medical condition of shock and the development of the Blalock Taussig ShuntIn sports:*… …   Wikipedia

  • Blalock — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alfred Blalock (1899–1964), US amerikanischer Chirurg Hubert M. Blalock (1926–1991), US amerikanischer Soziologe Jolene Blalock (* 1975), US amerikanische Schauspielerin Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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