Herod Antipas

Herod Antipas
/an"ti pas'/
died after A.D. 39, ruler of Galilee, A.D. 4-39: ordered the execution of John the Baptist and participated in the trial of Jesus.

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born 21 BC
died AD 39

Son of Herod the Great and tetrarch of Galilee (4 BC–AD 39) throughout Jesus' ministry.

He was responsible for the death of John the Baptist (demanded by his wife, Herodias, and stepdaughter, Salome) but later refused to cooperate when Pontius Pilate pressed him to conduct the trial of Jesus. He was caught up in the intrigue between the Syrians and Nabataeans. After denouncing Herod Agrippa I, he was banished by Caligula to Gaul. He built the city of Tiberias.

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▪ ruler of Galilee
born 21 BC
died AD 39

      son of Herod I the Great who became tetrarch of Galilee and ruled throughout Jesus (Jesus Christ) of Nazareth's ministry. In The Gospel According to Luke (13:32), Jesus is reported as having referred to him with contempt as “that fox.”

      About 4 BC Herod Antipas inherited part of his father's kingdom after the Roman emperor Augustus had adjusted his father's will. He restored the damage caused in the period between his father's death and the approval of the will, restoring two towns, one of which he renamed in honour of the Roman imperial family.

      He divorced his Nabataean wife, the daughter of Aretas IV, king of the desert kingdom adjoining his own, to marry Herodias, formerly the wife of his half brother. The marriage offended his former father-in-law and alienated his Jewish subjects. According to Mark 6 and the parallel accounts in Matthew 14 and Luke 3, when John the Baptist (John the Baptist, Saint), one of his subjects, reproached Herod for this marriage, Herodias goaded her husband into imprisoning him. Still unmollified, she inveigled her daughter, Salome, to ask for the Baptist's head in return for dancing at her stepfather's birthday feast. Antipas reluctantly beheaded John, and later, when Jesus' miracles were reported to him, he believed that John the Baptist had been resurrected. When Jesus was arrested in Jerusalem, according to Luke 23, Pilate, the Roman procurator of Judaea, first sent him to Antipas, who was spending Passover in the capital, because Jesus came from Antipas' realm. The Tetrarch was eager to see Jesus, expecting more miracles, but soon returned him to Pilate, unwilling to pass judgment.

      Some time earlier, Antipas had built the city of Tiberias on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, partly modelling it after a Greek city, but though he erected statues in the Greek manner in his palace, his coins bore no images. He also encouraged the Herodians, well-to-do Jews who supported him and were tolerant of Roman authority.

      Herod's closeness to the imperial family resulted in his choice as a mediator in the Roman–Parthian talks of 36. To his credit the conference was a success, but Antipas' haste to report the news to Rome aroused the hostility of Aulus Vitellius, legate of Syria, later emperor. About 37, the Nabataean king Aretas IV, whose daughter Antipas had repudiated, attacked Herod's realm, inflicting severe damage. When the Tetrarch appealed to Rome, the Emperor sent Vitellius, who, still nursing his resentment, availed himself of every possible delay. After Caligula became emperor in 37, Herodias, envious of her brother Agrippa I's success, persuaded her husband to denounce him before the Emperor, but the intended victim, Caligula's close friend, anticipated Antipas and levied charges, partially true, against him. Caligula banished Antipas to Gaul, where Herodias accompanied him, and her brother added the tetrarchy to his domains.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Herod Antipas — [an′ti pas΄] died A.D. 40?; tetrarch of Galilee ( c. 4 B.C. A.D. 39): son of Herod (the Great) …   English World dictionary

  • Herod Antipas — calls Herodias former husband Philip; either the author is confusing him with Philip the tetrarch, or both Herods shared the name Philip (Bruce 10 n. 16; Schürer 344 and n. 19).] On learning of this, Aretas daughter travelled to the fortress of… …   Wikipedia

  • Herod Antipas — /hɛrəd ˈæntɪpæs/ (say heruhd antipas) noun 1. died after AD 39, ruler of Galilee AD 4–39; executed John the Baptist and presided at the trial of Jesus. –phrase 2. out Herod Herod, to out do in wickedness, violence, or ranting. {Phrase Origin:… …  

  • Herod Antipas — (20 BCE C.40 CE)    Tetrarch of Galilee and of the Judean Transjordan, son of Herod the Great. He founded Tiberias in honour of the emperor. His forbidden marriage to Herodias (wife of his half brother Philip) evoked the hostility of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Herod Antipas —    Herod s son by Malthace (Matt. 14:1; Luke 3:1, 19; 9:7; Acts 13:1). (See Antipas.) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Herod Antipas — biographical name 21 b.c. a.d. 39 son of preceding Roman tetrarch of Galilee (4 b.c. a.d. 39) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • HEROD ANTIPAS — (died 39)    ruler, or Tetrach, of Galilee and Peraea who ordered the execution of JOHN THE BAPTIST …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Herod Antipas — (died c.AD 39) ruler of Galilee (AD 4 39) who was responsible for the execution of John the Baptist and participated in the trial of Jesus …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Herod Antipas — Her′od An′ti•pas [[t]ˈæn tɪˌpæs[/t]] n. anh big died after a.d. 39, ruler of Galilee a.d. 4–39 …   From formal English to slang

  • Herod Antipas — /an ti pas / died after A.D. 39, ruler of Galilee, A.D. 4 39: ordered the execution of John the Baptist and participated in the trial of Jesus …   Useful english dictionary

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