/heuh roh"dee euhn/, adj.
1. of or pertaining to Herod the Great, his family, or its partisans.
2. a partisan of the house of Herod.
3. a member of a political group that supported the dynasty of Herod and opposed Jesus.
[ < LL (Vulgate) Herodiani (pl.); see HEROD, -IAN]

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▪ Greek grammarian
in full  Aelius Herodianus , byname  Herodianus Technicus  
flourished 2nd century AD

      Greek grammarian of Alexandria who is important primarily for his work on Greek accents.

      A son of the grammarian Apollonius Dyscolus, Herodian settled in Rome under the emperor Marcus Aurelius, to whom he dedicated a treatise on accentuation and quantity entitled Katholikē prosōdia (“General Prosody”). Extracts from it survive. His Peri monerous lexeos (“On Anomalous Words”), a discourse in which he disputes his father's position on analogy, survives complete, and the titles of about 30 other works by him are known, though only a few extracts from them survive. A number of spurious and doubtful works were also attributed to him.

▪ Jewish history
      one of a party of influential Jewish supporters of the Herodian dynasty (c. 55 BC–c. AD 93), which ruled in all or parts of Palestine and neighbouring areas. Noted in the New Testament as opponents of Jesus, they probably were not a political party or a religious sect. They probably favoured the policies of Herod Antipas, who was tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea (4 BC–AD 39) and a strong promoter of Hellenistic (Greco-Roman) culture in Palestine. It seems likely that they rejected the messianic hopes of the people and thus united with the Pharisees in attempts to entrap Jesus into making anti-Roman statements.

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Universalium. 2010.

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