distemper

distemper
distemper1
distemperedly, adv.distemperedness, n.
/dis tem"peuhr/, n.
1. Vet. Pathol.
a. Also called canine distemper. an infectious disease chiefly of young dogs, caused by an unidentified virus and characterized by lethargy, fever, catarrh, photophobia, and vomiting.
b. Also called colt distemper, equine distemper, strangles. an infectious disease of horses, caused by the bacillus Streptococcus equi and characterized by catarrh of the upper air passages and the formation of pus in the submaxillary and other lymphatic glands.
c. Also called cat distemper, feline agranulocytosis, feline distemper, feline infectious enteritis, feline panleukopenia. a usually fatal viral disease of cats, characterized by fever, vomiting, and diarrhea, leading to severe dehydration.
2. a deranged condition of mind or body; a disorder or disease: a feverish distemper.
3. disorder or disturbance, esp. of a political nature.
v.t.
4. Obs. to derange physically or mentally.
[1300-50; ME distemp(e)ren, destempren (v.) ( < MF destemprer) < ML distemperare, equiv. to L dis- DIS-1 + temperare to TEMPER]
distemper2
/dis tem"peuhr/, n.
1. Art.
a. a technique of decorative painting in which glue or gum is used as a binder or medium to achieve a mat surface and rapid drying.
b. (formerly) the tempera technique.
2. a painting executed by this method.
3. Brit. whitewash; calcimine.
v.t.
4. to paint in distemper.
5. Brit. to whitewash a wall, cottage, etc.; calcimine.
[1350-1400; ME distemperen (v.) ( < AF distemprer) < ML distemperare to dissolve, dilute, equiv. to L dis- DIS-1 + temperare to blend, TEMPER]

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Viral disease in two forms, canine and feline.

Canine distemper is acute and highly contagious, affecting dogs, foxes, wolves, mink, raccoons, and ferrets. Most untreated cases are fatal. Infected animals are best treated with prompt injections of serum globulins; secondary infections are warded off by antibiotics. Immunity can be conferred by vaccination. Feline distemper causes a severe drop in the number of the infected cat's white blood cells. It rarely lasts more than a week, but the mortality rate is high. Vaccines offer effective immunity.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Distemper — Dis*tem per, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Distempered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Distempering}.] [OF. destemprer, destremper, to distemper, F. d[ e]tremper to soak, soften, slake (lime); pref. des (L. dis ) + OF. temprer, tremper, F. tremper, L. temperare to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • distemper — mid 14c., to disturb (v.), from O.Fr. destemprer, from M.L. distemperare vex, make ill, lit. upset the proper balance (of bodily humors), from dis un , not (see DIS (Cf. dis )) + L. temperare mingle in the proper proportion (see TEMPER (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

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