/kar"euh kal'/, n.
1. a slender, catlike mammal, Lynx caracal, with a reddish-brown coat and long tufted ears, inhabiting northern Africa and India.
2. the fur of this animal.
[1750-60; < F, appar. Buffon's adaption of Turk karakulak lynx (kara black + kulak ear)]

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Short-tailed cat (Caracal caracal) found in hills, deserts, and plains of Africa, the Middle East, and Central and South Asia.

It is sleek and short-haired, with a reddish brown coat and long tufts of black hairs on its pointed ears. Long-legged and short-tailed, it stands 16–18 in. (40–45 cm) tall and is 26–30 in. (66–76 cm) long, excluding its tail. Generally solitary and nocturnal, it preys on birds and mammals, including peafowl, gazelles, and hares. In Asia, where it has become rare, it has been trained as a hunting animal.

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also called  Desert Lynx, or Persian Lynx 

      (Felis caracal), short-tailed cat (family Felidae) found in hills, deserts, and plains of Africa, the Middle East, and central and southwestern Asia. The caracal is a sleek, short-haired cat with a reddish brown-coat and long tufts of black hairs on the tips of its pointed ears. Long legged and short tailed, it stands 40–45 centimetres (16–18 inches) at the shoulder and varies from 66 to 76 cm in length excluding its 20–25-cm tail. The swift caracal is generally solitary and nocturnal in habit. It preys on birds and mammals, such as gazelles, hares, and peafowl. In Asia, where it has become rare, it has been trained as a hunting animal. The female bears litters of one to four young, which resemble the adults. The caracal sometimes is given the scientific name Lynx caracal or Caracal caracal.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • caracal — [ karakal ] n. m. • 1750; karacoulac 1664; mot esp., turc qara qâlaq « oreille noire » ♦ Petit lynx, félidé des savanes d Afrique et d Asie du Sud. Des caracals. ● caracal, caracals nom masculin (turc qara qâlaq, oreille noire) Félin d Afrique et …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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