Andaman Islands

Andaman Islands
a group of islands of India in the E part of the Bay of Bengal, W of the Malay Peninsula, part of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 157,821; 2508 sq. mi. (6496 sq. km).

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▪ island group, India
 island group, Andaman and Nicobar Islands union territory, India, lying in the Indian Ocean about 850 miles (1,370 km) east of the Indian subcontinent. The Andamans have an area of 2,474 square miles (6,408 square km). They are one of the two major groups of islands in the union territory, the other being the Nicobar Islands to the south; together they constitute an archipelago that forms the boundary between the southeastern Bay of Bengal (Bengal, Bay of) (west) and the Andaman Sea (east). The Andamans extend north-south for about 225 miles (360 km) and include more than 300 islands, some two dozen of them inhabited. The three major islands are North Andaman, Middle Andaman, and South Andaman—closely positioned and collectively known as Great Andaman. Also prominent is Little Andaman, to the south. Of the still-extant original inhabitants—including the Sentinalese, the Jarawa, the Onge, and a group of peoples collectively known as the Great Andamese—only the first three retain a traditional hunting-and-gathering way of life.

      The Andamans, situated on the ancient trade route between India and Myanmar (Burma), were visited by Lieut. Archibald Blair of the Bombay Marine (the East India Company's navy) in 1789. The first European settlement on the islands was at Port Blair, situated along the eastern coast of South Andaman. It is now the union territory capital.

      The islands are a succession of dome-shaped hill ranges running parallel to each other from north to south. The highest peak is Saddle, rising 2,418 feet (737 metres) on North Andaman. Flat land is scarce and confined to a few valleys such as the Bitampur and Diglipur. The islands are formed of Tertiary (from approximately 65.5 million to 2.6 million years ago) sandstone, limestone, and shale and are highly dissected. Their surface is covered with dense forest, and large mangrove swamps occur in the northern part of North Andaman. Perennial rivers are few, and adequate water supply is a continuing problem.

      Agriculture is the principal occupation; crops include cereals, pulses (legumes), coconuts, betel nuts, fruits, cassava (manioc), chilies, and turmeric. There is little manufacturing industry. Only South Andaman has roads. An interisland steamer service connects Port Blair with North, Middle, South, and Little Andaman. Vinayak Damodar (Vir (Savarkar, Vinayak Damodar)) Savarkar, the great Indian revolutionary, was imprisoned for life (1911–37) in the Cellular Jail (declared a national monument in 1979) in Port Blair. In December 2004 the islands were struck by a large tsunami that had been triggered by an earthquake in the Indian Ocean near Indonesia. Coastal areas of the Andamans suffered extensive damage, and scores of people were killed.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Andaman Islands — [an′də mən] group of islands in the Bay of Bengal, west of the Malay Peninsula: with the Nicobar Islands, constituting a territory of India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands), 3,185 sq mi (8,249 sq km); pop. 281,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Andaman Islands — The Andaman Islands are a group of islands in the Bay of Bengal, and are part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Union Territory of India. Port Blair is the chief community on the islands, and the administrative centre of the Union Territory. The …   Wikipedia

  • Andaman Islands Expedition — The Andaman Islands Expedition was a British expedition to the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal, India. For actions during the expedition, five soldiers of the 24th Regiment of Foot were awarded Victoria Crosses. David Bell, James Cooper,… …   Wikipedia

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  • Andaman Islands — An′daman Is′lands n. pl. geg a group of islands of India in the E part of the Bay of Bengal, W of the Malay Peninsula, part of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 157,821; 2508 sq. mi. (6496 sq. km) …   From formal English to slang

  • Andaman Islands — a group of islands of India in the E part of the Bay of Bengal, W of the Malay Peninsula, part of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 157,821; 2508 sq. mi. (6496 sq. km) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Andaman Islands — geographical name islands India in Bay of Bengal S of Myanmar & N of Nicobar Islands area 2461 square miles (6374 square kilometers) • Andamanese adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Andaman Islands — noun A group of islands in the Bay of Bengal. Syn: Andamans …   Wiktionary

  • Andaman Islands — group of islands located in the Bay of Bengal …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Invasion and occupation of the Andaman Islands during World War II — The Andaman and Nicobar Islands (8,293 km² on 139 islands), are a group of islands situated in the Bay of Bengal at about 780 miles from Kolkata, 740 miles from Chennai and 120 miles from Cape Nargis in Burma. Until 1938 the British government… …   Wikipedia

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