/an'deuh meuh neez", -nees"/, n., pl. Andamanese, adj.
1. Also, Andaman. Also called Andaman Islander. a member of a physically distinctive people that comprise the indigenous population of the Andaman Islands.
2. the language of the Andamanese, of uncertain genetic affiliation.
3. Andaman (def. 1).
[1860-65; ANDAMAN + -ESE]

* * *

      aboriginal inhabitants of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal. Most Andamanese have been detribalized and absorbed into modern Indian life, but traditional culture survives among such groups as the Jarawa and Onge of the lesser islands. Late 20th-century estimates indicated approximately 50 speakers of Andamanese languages and perhaps 550 ethnic Andamanese.

      Until the mid-19th century, the remoteness of these peoples and their strong territorial defenses helped them to avoid outside influences. Some of the Andamanese continue to live by hunting and collecting. The bow, once the only indigenous weapon, was used both for fishing and for hunting wild pigs; the Andamanese had no traps or fishhooks. Turtle, dugong, and fish are caught with nets and harpoons; the latter are used from single-outrigger canoes. Pottery is made, and iron, obtained from wrecks, has been used for arrowheads, knives, and adzes from at least the 18th century. It is shaped by breaking and grinding, a technique derived from the working of shell.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Andamanese — The Andamanese is a collective term to describe the peoples who are the aboriginal inhabitants of the Andaman Islands, located in the Bay of Bengal. The term includes the Great Andamanese, Jarawa, Onge, Sentinelese and the extinct Jangil.… …   Wikipedia

  • Andamanese — An•da•man•ese [[t]ˌæn də məˈniz, ˈnis[/t]] n. pl. ese, adj. 1) peo a) a member of a physically distinctive people that comprise the indigenous population of the Andaman Islands b) a member of what was formerly the largest subdivision of this… …   From formal English to slang

  • Andamanese — 1. noun A minor language family spoken on the Andaman Islands. 2. adjective a) Of or relating to the Andaman Islands. b) Of or relating to the Andamanese language family …   Wiktionary

  • Andamanese languages — Infobox Language family name = Andamanese region = South Asia family = Andamanese familycolor = Andamanese child1 = Great Andamanese child2 = Ongan child3 = ? Sentinel (unattested) Ethnolinguistic map of the precolonial Andaman Islands The… …   Wikipedia

  • Andamanese language —       language spoken by the indigenous people of the Andaman Islands. The number of speakers of the language has been steadily decreasing. Andamanese dialects are usually classified into northern, central, and southern groups, with the southern… …   Universalium

  • Andamanese — adjective or noun see Andaman Islands …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • andamanese — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Great Andamanese languages — Great Andamanese Ethnicity: Great Andamanese people Geographic distribution: South Asia Linguistic classification: either Andamanese or an independent language family Great Andamanese …   Wikipedia

  • Great Andamanese — is a collective term used to refer to related groups or tribes of indigenous peoples who lived throughout most of the Great Andaman archipelago, the main and closely situated group of islands in the Andaman Islands. Their collective identity is… …   Wikipedia

  • Negrito — For the shrub, see Citharexylum berlandieri. Negrito Regions with significant populations …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”