/ah"geuh meuh/, n. Hinduism, Buddhism.
any of the Tantric writings.
[ < Skt agama tradition, traditional work]

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▪ Hindu literature
Sanskrit“tradition” or “received knowledge”

      post-Vedic scripture conveying ritual knowledge and considered to have been revealed by a personal divinity. Shaivite (Shaivism) scriptures, dating probably to the 8th century, are particularly so designated, in contrast to the Vaishnava Samhitas and the Shakta Tantras. (Compare Shaivism, Vaishnavism, and Shaktism.) The Agamas are often in the form of a dialogue between Shiva and his wife Parvati.

      For convenience, scholars discuss the texts according to the four Shaivite branches that follow the Agamic tradition. These are the Sanskrit school of Shaiva-siddhanta, the Tamil Shaivas, the Kashmir Shaivas (Kashmir Śaivism), and the Lingayat (Liṅgāyat)s, who are also known as the Virashaivas. The Agamas provide a considerable amount of information on the earliest codes of temple building, image making, and religious procedure.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • agama — [ə gā′mə] n. [ModL < Sp; ? of WInd orig.: cf. Carib mami, lizard] any of a family (Agamidae, esp. genus Agama) of Old World lizards, some of which can change color …   English World dictionary

  • Agama — Ag a*ma ([a^]g [.a]*m[.a]), n.; pl. {Agamas} ([a^]g [.a]*m[.a]z). [From the Caribbean name of a species of lizard.] (Zo[ o]l.) A genus of lizards, one of the few which feed upon vegetable substances; also, one of these lizards. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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