See caliph.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • caliphal — adjective see caliph …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • caliphal — ca·liph·al …   English syllables

  • caliphal — əl adjective : of or relating to a caliph …   Useful english dictionary

  • caliph — caliphal /kal euh feuhl, kay leuh /, adj. /kay lif, kal if/, n. 1. a spiritual leader of Islam, claiming succession from Muhammad. 2. any of the former Muslim rulers of Baghdad (until 1258) and of the Ottoman Empire (from 1571 until 1924). Also,… …   Universalium

  • Islāmic world — Introduction  prehistory and history of the Islamic community.       Adherence to Islām is a global phenomenon: Muslims predominate in some 30 to 40 countries, from the Atlantic to the Pacific and along a belt that stretches across northern… …   Universalium

  • North Africa — North African. the northern part of Africa, esp. the region north of the tropical rain forest and comprised of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and that part of Egypt west of the Gulf of Suez. * * * Introduction       region of Africa comprising …   Universalium

  • Muhammad ibn Wasil — Muhammad bin Wasil ibn Ibrahim al Tamimi (Arabic: محمد بن واصل بن إبراهيم التميمي‎) (also known as al Hanzali)[1] was a military adventurer who seized control of the Abbasid province of Fars in 870. He intermittently ruled over Fars until 876,… …   Wikipedia

  • Iraq — /i rak , i rahk /, n. a republic in SW Asia, N of Saudi Arabia and W of Iran, centering in the Tigris Euphrates basin of Mesopotamia. 22,219,289; 172,000 sq. mi. (445,480 sq. km). Cap.: Baghdad. Also, Irak. * * * Iraq Introduction Iraq Background …   Universalium

  • Arabic literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Arabic language.       The tradition of Arabic literature stretches back some 16 centuries to unrecorded beginnings in the Arabian Peninsula. At certain points in the development of… …   Universalium

  • Babak Khorramdin — Bābak Khorram Dīn (Persian: بابک خرمدین; alternative spelling: Bâbak Xoramdin; 795, according to some other sources 798 January 838) was one of the main Persian [M. Whittow, The Making of Byzantium: 600 1025 , Berkley: University of California… …   Wikipedia

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