Antonine Wall

Antonine Wall
a wall built in 142 AD across southern Scotland during the reign of the Roman emperor Antoninus Pius. It was about 37 miles (59 kilometres) long and was intended to replace Hadrian’s Wall further south as the northern frontier of the Roman Empire, but it had to be abandoned by 197 AD. Little of the wall now remains.

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Roman frontier barrier in Britain.

It ran 37 mi (59 km) across Scotland between the River Clyde and the Firth of Forth. Ordered by Antoninus Pius and built in AD 142 by the governor of Britain, it was about 15 ft (5 m) wide and 10 ft (3 m) high; a ditch 40 ft (12 m) wide and 12 ft (4 m) deep ran in front of it and a road behind. It was controlled by 19 forts spaced at intervals of 2 mi (3 km). Its construction moved the northern boundary of Roman Britain into Scotland, providing defense against the northern tribes beyond Hadrian's Wall, which lay to the south. The wall was abandoned by 196, but traces remain.

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▪ Roman wall, Scotland, United Kingdom
      Roman frontier barrier in Britain, extending about 36.5 miles (58.5 km) across Scotland between the River Clyde (Clyde, River) and the Firth of Forth. The wall was built in the years after AD 142 on the orders of the emperor Antoninus Pius by the Roman army under the command of the governor Lollius Urbicus (Quintus Lollius Urbicus). The wall was of turf on a stone base 15 Roman feet (4.44 metres) wide and stood perhaps 10 feet (3 metres) high; in front was a ditch up to 40 feet (12 metres) wide and 12 feet (4 metres) deep; a wide, shallow mound was formed on the ditch's north side when the material was tipped out. Sixteen forts—built in two stages—are known along the wall, and fortlets lay between many of these. All were connected by a road, the Military Way. An aerial survey has revealed 20 camps used by the soldiers who built the wall.

      Legionaries from Legions II, VI, and XX who constructed the wall recorded their work in a spectacular series of “distance slabs.” These slabs not only recorded the lengths of the wall sections—with measurements sometimes as precise as to the nearest foot—but also depicted in friezes various aspects of the campaign against the “northern barbarians” and the Roman victory. Seventeen of the 20 known slabs are in the Hunterian Museum at the University of Glasgow, Scotland.

      The Antonine Wall was abandoned in the 160s, and the army returned to Hadrian's Wall.

David J. Breeze

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Antonine Wall — noun A fortification of stone and turf built by the Roman Empire across what is now the Central Belt of Scotland …   Wiktionary

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  • wall — less, adj. wall like, adj. /wawl/, n. 1. any of various permanent upright constructions having a length much greater than the thickness and presenting a continuous surface except where pierced by doors, windows, etc.: used for shelter, protection …   Universalium

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  • Military Way (Hadrian's Wall) — For the Military Way associated with the Antonine Wall, see Antonine Wall. The Military Way is a modern name given to the Roman road constructed immediately to the south of Hadrian s Wall. It should not be confused with the nearby Military Road.… …   Wikipedia

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  • Hadrian's Wall — noun an ancient Roman wall built by Hadrian in the 2nd century; marked the northern boundary of the Roman Empire in Britain • Instance Hypernyms: ↑wall • Part Holonyms: ↑England * * * Hadrian’s Wall [Hadrians Wall] a wall in northern England… …   Useful english dictionary

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