Natural food colorants

Natural food colorants

Table
Natural food colorants
chemical class colour plant source pigment products
anthocyanins red strawberry (Fragaria species) pelargonidin 3-glucoside* beverages, confections, preserves, fruit products
blue grape (Vitis species) malvidin 3-glucoside* beverages
betacyanins red beetroot (Beta vulgaris) betanin dairy products, desserts, icings
carotenoids** yellow/orange annatto (Bixa orellana) bixin dairy products, margarine
yellow saffron (Crocus sativus) crocin rice dishes, bakery products
red/orange paprika (Capsicum annuum) capsanthin soups, sauces
orange carrot (Daucus carota) beta-carotene bakery products, confections
red mushroom (Cantharellus cinnabarinus) canthaxanthin sauces, soups, dressings
phenolics orange/yellow turmeric (Cuycuma longa) curcumin dairy products, confections
*Plus other similar compounds.
**Many carotenoids used as food colorants are chemically synthesized.
See as table:

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

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