Yagoda, Genrikh Grigoryevich

Yagoda, Genrikh Grigoryevich

▪ Soviet official
Yagoda also spelled  Jagoda  
born 1891, Łodz, Pol., Russian Empire
died March 15, 1938, Moscow

      head of the Soviet secret police under Stalin (Stalin, Joseph) from 1934 to 1936 and a central figure in the purge trials.

      Yagoda joined the Bolsheviks in 1907 and became a member of the presidium of the Cheka (Soviet secret police) in 1920. He was a deputy chairman of the Cheka's successor organization, OGPU, from 1924 to 1934 and from 1930 was in charge of the system of forced-labour camps in the Soviet Union. A close, longtime associate of Stalin, Yagoda became in 1934 a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and was put in charge of the newly organized Commissariat of Internal Affairs, or NKVD, into which the secret police had been absorbed. There is evidence that Yagoda was instrumental in engineering in 1934 the assassination of Sergey Mironovich Kirov (Kirov, Sergey Mironovich), Leningrad party secretary and a member of the Politburo, whom Stalin perceived as a potential rival. As head of the NKVD, Yagoda prepared the first of the public purge trials (August 1936), in which Zinovyev, L.B. Kamenev, and a number of their associates confessed to a series of astonishing charges and were immediately executed.

      One year later Yagoda himself became a victim of the widespread purges that he had helped to carry out on Stalin's orders. He was removed from office in September 1936 and replaced as People's Commissar by N.I. Yezhov, under whose direction the purge trials proceeded. Yagoda was arrested in 1937 and became a defendant at the third public purge trial (March 1938). He was accused of being a member of a “Trotskyite” conspiracy intent on destroying the Soviet Union through sabotage. He was convicted, sentenced to death on March 13, and shot soon afterward.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yagoda, Genrikh (Grigoryevich) — born 1891, Łodz, Pol., Russian Empire died March 15, 1938, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet politician. A leader of the Cheka secret police (1920–24) and its successor, the OGPU (1924–34), and a close associate of Joseph Stalin, he organized the… …   Universalium

  • Grigoryevich — (as used in expressions) Belinsky Vissarion Grigoryevich Ehrenburg Ilya Grigoryevich Orlov Aleksey Grigoryevich Count Orlov Grigory Grigoryevich Count Rubinstein Anton Grigoryevich Yagoda Genrikh Grigoryevich * * * …   Universalium

  • purge trials — Soviet trials of critics of Joseph Stalin. After the assassination of Sergey Kirov, prominent Bolsheviks were accused of conspiracy to remove Stalin from power. In three widely publicized show trials (1936–38), which presented confessions… …   Universalium

  • KGB — the intelligence and internal security agency of the former Soviet Union, organized in 1954 and responsible for enforcement of security regulations, protection of political leaders, the guarding of borders, and clandestine operations abroad. Also …   Universalium

  • KGB — For other uses, see KGB (disambiguation). Committee for State Security Комитет государственной безопасности Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti …   Wikipedia

  • List of Chairmen of the KGB — The Chairman of the KGB was the head of the Soviet KGB. He was assisted by one or two First Deputy Chairmen, and four to six Deputy Chairmen. And he was the head of the Collegium of the KGB which consisted of the Chairman, deputy chairmen,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”