United Party

United Party

Afrikaans  Verenigde Party 

      one of the leading political parties of the Republic of South Africa from 1934 to 1977, governing from 1934 to 1948.

      The UP was formed in 1934 by a merger of the National Party and the South African Party, led by J.B.M. Hertzog and Jan Smuts (Smuts, Jan), respectively. Hertzog's hope was for a coalition of Afrikaners (who had dominated the National Party) and English-speaking South Africans (of the South African Party). Although the UP remained in power from 1934 to 1948, its success as an English-Afrikaner coalition ended in 1939, when Hertzog and other Afrikaner nationalists left the party because of the UP's decision to support Great Britain against Germany in World War II. The UP then formed a new government under Smuts with the cooperation of the Labour Party and the Dominionites, giving it a more clearly English-speaking, pro-British cast.

      After the war, the “liberalism” of Smuts and the United Party came under fierce attack from the Nationalists, who won the general election of 1948. Smuts resigned, and, when he died two years later, his party went into decline. Over the years the party continued to lose strength through defections of members who formed the Progressive Party in 1959 and the Reform Party in 1975 or who joined the ruling National Party. On June 28, 1977, the United Party was formally disbanded, and its majority faction formed the “centrist” New Republic Party.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • United Party — is a term used various political parties:* United Party (Papua New Guinea) * United States United Party * United Party of National Development, Zambia * United Party (Gambia) * United Party (UK) * United Party (Kosovo)Defunct parties of the name… …   Wikipedia

  • United Party — Der Name United Party (UP) bezeichnet Parteien in Gambia, siehe United Party (Gambia) Ghana, siehe United Party (Ghana) Kanada, siehe United Party of Canada (aufgelöst) Malawi, siehe United Party (Malawi) Neuseeland, siehe United Party… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United Party (Gambia) — United Party Partei­vorsitzender Pierre Sarr N’Jie Gründung 1952 Die United Party (UP) (deutsch Vereinigte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United Party of Canada — est un parti politique fédéral canadien. Il a été fondé en novembre 2009. Ses principes clés sont la responsabilité fiscale, le progressisme social et le développement durable. Le parti a été formé de membres issus de diverses formations… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • United Party for National Development — ist eine liberale politische Partei in Sambia. Die UPND hat bei der Liberalen Internationalen Beobachterstatus. Geschichte Sie nahm an der Wahl in Sambia 2001 teil, in der sie 23,3 Prozent gewinnen konnte und somit 49 Mandate in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United Party (New Zealand) — This article discusses the party which originated in 1927 from a faction of the Liberal Party. United New Zealand, a political party founded in 1995 is unrelated. The United Party of New Zealand, a party formed out of the remnants of the Liberal… …   Wikipedia

  • United Party (South Africa) — The United Party was South Africa s ruling political party between 1934 and 1948. It was formed by a merger of most of Prime Minister Barry Hertzog s National Party with the rival South African Party of Jan Smuts, plus the remnants of the… …   Wikipedia

  • United Party (Neuseeland) — Die United Party in Neuseeland, als Nachfolger der Liberal Party wurde 1927 gegründet und bildete, nach einem überraschenden Wahlerfolg bei den Parlamentswahlen im Jahr 1928, eine Regierung unter Joseph Ward, der bereits von 1906 bis 1912… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United Party (Ghana) — The United Party was the main opposition party in the First Republic of Ghana. It was the only opposition party throughout its existence from 1957 until 1964 when Ghana became a one party state.FormationAfter Ghana attained its independence on 6… …   Wikipedia

  • United Party (Ghana) — Die United Party (UP) war eine politische Partei in Ghana, die im Januar 1958 gegründet wurde. Sie entstand als einzige Oppositionspartei neben der Regierungspartei Convention People s Party von Kwame Nkrumah. Durch eine Verfassungsänderung wurde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”