Tooke, John Horne

Tooke, John Horne

▪ British politician
original name  John Horne  
born June 25, 1736, London, Eng.
died March 18, 1812, Wimbledon, Surrey
 radical politician, one of the most effective English agitators for parliamentary reform and freedom of dissent in the late 18th century. He attacked the powerful Whig magnates but stopped short of advocating democracy.

      Born John Horne, the son of a poultry dealer, he assumed (1782) the additional surname Tooke to honour his friend and benefactor William Tooke. He graduated from the University of Cambridge and, in 1760, became a vicar. In 1769 he helped the embattled radical John Wilkes found the Society for the Supporters of the Bill of Rights, but two years later he broke with Wilkes and created his own Constitutional Society to agitate for parliamentary reform and self-government for the American colonies.

      Horne's outspoken support of the colonists led to his conviction and imprisonment (1778) for seditious libel. From 1782 to 1785 he rallied public support behind William Pitt's unsuccessful attempts to obtain reforms of Parliament. When the revolutionary events in France prompted the British government to suppress radicals, Horne Tooke was arrested in May 1794 and charged with high treason. Six months later he was acquitted by a London jury. The radical movement was dispersed by the end of the century, but Horne Tooke gained a seat in Parliament in 1801. An enthusiastic philologist, he was among the first to regard language as a product of historical development rather than as a fixed structure.

Additional Reading
M.C. Yarborough, John Horne Tooke (1926).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • TOOKE, JOHN HORNE —    baptismal name JOHN HORNE    born, the son of a well to do poulterer, in London; graduated at Cambridge, and to please his father took holy orders in 1760, but after some years, during which he had tutored abroad, zealously assisted Wilkes in… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Tooke, John Horne — (1736 1812)    Philologist, s. of a poulterer called Horne, added the name of Tooke in 1782 in anticipation of inheriting from his friend W. Tooke, of Purley. He was at Camb. and took orders, but disliking the clerical profession, travelled… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Horne Tooke — John Horne Tooke, spr. horn tuk, (* 25. Juni 1736 in London; † 18. Juli 1812 in Wimbledon) war ein englischer Schriftsteller. John Horne Tooke studierte Theologie. Sein Debüt als Schriftsteller hatte er 1771, als er der Autorenschaft der Briefe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Horne Tooke — (June 25, 1736 – March 18, 1812), was an English politician and philologist.He was born in Newport Street, Long Acre, Westminster, the third son of John Horne, a poulterer in Newport Market, whose business the boy, when at Eton College, described …   Wikipedia

  • John Horne Tooke — John Horne Tooke, né John Horne (1736 1812), fut un philologue et homme politique britannique. Né à Londres, il suivit d abord la carrière ecclésiastique, mais, s étant lié avec le patriote Wilkes, il la quitta pour se livrer à la politique. Il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tooke — (spr. Tuhl), 1) John Horne T., s. Horne Tooke. 2) William, geb. 1744, wurde 1771 englischer Geistlicher in Kronstadt u. 1774 Gesandtschaftsprediger in Petersburg; er kehrte 1792 nach London zurück u. privatisirte dort u. st 1820. Er schr.: Die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • John Thelwall — (* 27. Juli 1764 in Covent Garden, London; † 17. Februar 1834[1]) war ein radikalpolitischer britischer Redner und Autor …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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