Suslov, Mikhail Andreyevich

Suslov, Mikhail Andreyevich

▪ Soviet government official
born Nov. 21 [Nov. 8, old style], 1902, Shakhovskoye, Russia
died Jan. 25, 1982, Moscow

      leading Soviet Communist ideologue and power broker from the 1950s until his death.

      The son of a peasant, Suslov joined the Young Communist League during the upheavals of the Russian Revolution and the subsequent Civil War and joined the Communist Party in 1921 at the age of 19. He was sent to Moscow for secondary education and later studied economics at the Plekhanov Institute of the National Economy (1924–29) and the Economics Institute of the Red Professors. He taught at Moscow State University and at the Industrial Academy. He first received a political role in 1931, when he became a member of control commissions that supervised Stalinist purges in the Urals and the Ukraine. During the Great Purges that began in 1937, he rose in the party hierarchy, becoming a leading official first in Rostov and then in the Caucasus and a member of the Central Committee in 1939. During World War II he supervised the deportations of ethnic minorities from the Caucasus and, after the war, was in Lithuania, rounding up dissidents for deportation to Siberia.

      From the late 1940s on, he remained at the centre of power in Moscow, becoming a member of the Presidium (Politburo) in 1952 and, except for a brief time after Stalin's death (1953–55), enjoying a pivotal position in the ruling clique. He was generally viewed as both conservative and flexible, being critical of Titoism, Eurocommunism, and other brands of independence from Moscow but, nevertheless, favouring hard-line political solutions rather than military ones, except as a last resort, as in Czechoslovakia (1968) and Poland (1981–82). In 1957 he helped Nikita Khrushchev (Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich) to quell a conspiracy by a so-called “anti-party group” in the Politburo. But in October 1964, Suslov was the chief organizer of the bloodless coup that ousted Khrushchev and substituted Leonid Brezhnev—apparently in a successful effort to restore the power of the consensus-oriented Politburo. He thereafter concentrated on interparty relations, between the Soviet party and other Communist parties around the world.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Suslov, Mikhail (Andreyevich) — born Nov. 21, 1902, Shakhovskoye, Russia died Jan. 25, 1982, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet ideologue. He joined the Communist Party in 1921 and was sent to Moscow for his education, after which he taught economics. In the 1930s he helped… …   Universalium

  • Mikhail Suslov — Михаил Суслов Second Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union In office 9 December 1965 – 25 January 1982 General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev Pre …   Wikipedia

  • Andreyevich — (as used in expressions) Arakcheyev Aleksey Andreyevich Count Gromyko Andrey Andreyevich Rimsky Korsakov Nikolay Andreyevich Suslov Mikhail Andreyevich Voznesensky Andrey Andreyevich * * * …   Universalium

  • Mikhail — (as used in expressions) Mikhail Fyodorovich Romanov Bakhtin Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakunin Mikhail Aleksandrovich Barclay de Tolly Mikhail Bogdanovich Prince Baryshnikov Mikhail Nikolayevich Borodin Mikhail Markovich Mikhail Gruzenberg Bulgakov… …   Universalium

  • Gorbachev, Mikhail — ▪ president of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in full  Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev   born March 2, 1931, Privolye, Stavropol kray, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Soviet official, the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union… …   Universalium

  • Mikhail Gorbachev — Gorbachev redirects here. For other uses, see Gorbachev (disambiguation). This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Sergeyevich and the family name is Gorbachev. Mikhail Gorbachev Михаил Горбачёв Gorbachev in May 2010 …   Wikipedia

  • Mijaíl Súslov — Mijaíl Andréyevich Súslov Михаил Андреевич Суслов Mijaíl Andréyevich Súslov Miembro del Secretariado del Comité Central del PCUS 24 de mayo de 1947 –  …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cardinal Richelieu — The Red Eminence redirects here. For Soviet statesman, see Mikhail Andreyevich Suslov. Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal de Richelieu Portrait of Cardinal Richelieu, 1637, Philippe de Champaigne 1st Chief Minister of the …   Wikipedia

  • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics — a former federal union of 15 constituent republics, in E Europe and W and N Asia, comprising the larger part of the former Russian Empire: dissolved in December 1991. 8,650,069 sq. mi. (22,402,200 sq. km). Cap.: Moscow. Also called Russia, Soviet …   Universalium

  • Nikolai Patolichev — Николай Патоличев Minister of Foreign Trade of the USSR In office 26 August 1958 – 18 October 1985 Premier Nikita Khrushchev Alexei Kosygin Nikolai Tikhonov Nikolai Ryz …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”