Smarta sect

Smarta sect

      orthodox Hindu sect composed of members of the “twice-born,” or initiated upper classes ( Brahman, Kshatriya, and Vaishya), whose primarily Brahman followers are characterized by their allegiance to all the gods of the Hindu pantheon and by their adherence to rules of ritual and of conduct laid down in the ancient sutra texts.

      The name Smarta comes from the Sanskrit Smriti (Smṛti), a class of texts that are considered to be of human authorship—in contrast to the Vedas, which are considered to have been divinely revealed. The sutra (sūtra)s (brief aphorisms) followed by the Smarta sect form part of the Smriti literature. Their greatest teacher and, according to some, the founder of the sect was the 8th-century philosopher Shankara (Śaṅkara), the proponent of Advaita (nondualist) Vedanta. The monastery he founded at Sringeri, in Karnataka (formerly Mysore state), continues to be the centre of the sect, and the head of the monastery, the jagadguru (“teacher of the world”), is the spiritual authority of the Smartas in south India and Gujarat and one of the chief religious personages in India.

      The Smartas of the North differ somewhat from their counterparts in the South and in Gujarat, in that the nomenclature does not necessarily connote followers of Shankara. Also the number of pure Smarta temples are fewer in the North.

      The Smartas may give preference to one deity above the others, and Shiva is highly favoured among them today. But they pay allegiance in their worship to the five major gods—Shiva, Vishnu, Shakti, Surya, and Ganesha—in the pancayatana puja (“five-shrines worship”).

      Smarta Brahmans consider themselves orthodox and have tended to rigidly hold the traditional values of Hinduism. They are active in all branches of learning and have earned the honorary title of shastri (Sanskrit: “men of learning”), or, in Tamil, ayyar, which often follows their names.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Smarta — Orthodox Hindu sect consisting of members of higher castes who worship all the gods of the Hindu pantheon and adhere to rules of ritual and conduct laid down in ancient sutras. The sect was founded by Shankara. The head of the monastery he… …   Universalium

  • smarta — noun one of a group of brahmans who uphold nonsectarian orthodoxy according to the Vedanta school of Hinduism • Hypernyms: ↑brahman, ↑brahmin * * * ˈsmärd.ə noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Sanskrit …   Useful english dictionary

  • Saura sect — ▪ Hinduism       Hindu sect widely dispersed throughout India in the Gupta and medieval periods; its members worshiped Sūrya (Surya), the sun, as the supreme deity. Sūrya as the sun was worshiped by Indians from the Vedic period onward for his… …   Universalium

  • Daivadnya Brahmin — Daivajña Brahmins Philanthropist Jagannath Shankarshet of Mumbai Total population 800,000 (estimated) …   Wikipedia

  • Surya — In Hinduism, the sun and the sun god. Though once ranking with the major Hindu deities, he is now primarily worshiped only as one of the five important deities of the Smarta sect and as the supreme deity by the small Savra sect. Nevertheless, he… …   Universalium

  • Shudra — (IAST: IAST|Śūdra) is the fourth Varna in the traditional four section division in historic Hindu society. Their assigned and expected role in post Vedic India was that of labourers. The four Varnas are Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya,… …   Wikipedia

  • Brahmin — This article is about the social caste. For the moth family, see Brahmaeidae. For similarly spelled words, see Brahman (disambiguation). An article related to Hinduism …   Wikipedia

  • Goud Saraswat Brahmin — ethnic group group = Goud Saraswat गौड़ सारस्वत ಗೌಡ ಸಾರಸ್ವತ್ ഗൌഡ് സാരസ്വത് poptime = 300,000 (approx) popplace = Primary populations in: *Goa *Maharashtra *Karnataka *KeralaPopulations in: *United Kingdom *United States *Arab States langs =… …   Wikipedia

  • Smartism — (or Smarta Sampradaya, Smarta Tradition , as termed in Sanskrit) is a denomination of the Hindu religion. The term Smarta refers to adherents who follow the Vedas and Shastras. They mainly follow the Advaita Vedanta philosophy of Adi Shankara.… …   Wikipedia

  • Hindu views on monotheism — Monotheism in Hinduism is set in the views of the spiritual world are broad and range from monism, pantheism to panentheism, aptly termed as monistic theism and even open monotheism by some scholars, but are not polytheistic as outsiders perceive …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”