Sibylline Oracles

Sibylline Oracles

▪ prophecies
      collection of oracular (oracle) prophecies in which Jewish or Christian doctrines were allegedly confirmed by a sibyl (legendary Greek prophetess); the prophecies were actually the work of certain Jewish and Christian writers from about 150 BC to about AD 180 and are not to be confused with the Sibylline Books, a much earlier collection of sibylline prophecies (see Sibyl). In the Oracles the sibyl proved her reliability by first “predicting” events that had actually recently occurred; she then predicted future events and set forth doctrines peculiar to Hellenistic Judaism or Christianity. The Jewish apologist Josephus and certain Christian apologists thought the works were the genuine prophecy of the sibyls and were greatly impressed by the way in which their doctrines were confirmed by external testimony. Both Theophilus of Antioch and Clement of Alexandria, 2nd-century Christian theologians, referred to the sibyl as a prophetess apparently no less inspired than the Old Testament prophets.

      In the Byzantine period 12 of the compositions were collected in a single manuscript containing 14 books (of which numbers 9 and 10 are lost). An incomplete text of this collection was first published in 1545.

      Modern scholars have dated the various Oracles by comparing the actual historical events with what was predicted in the Oracles. At the point where errors begin, the oracle-writer was predicting the future, and it is possible to assign a date from the last correct prediction.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Sibylline Oracles — • The name given to certain collections of supposed prophecies, emanating from the sibyls or divinely inspired seeresses, which were widely circulated in antiquity Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sibylline Oracles     S …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sibylline oracles — c. 1616 17 depiction of a Sibyl by Domenichino This article is about the Sibylline Oracles. For the books, see Sibylline Books. The Sibylline Oracles (sometimes called the pseudo Sibylline Oracles ) are a collection of oracular utterances written …   Wikipedia

  • SIBYLLINE ORACLES —    a collection of PROPHECIES not to be confused with the PSEUDO SIBYLLINE ORACLES. They were supposedly made by a PROPHETESS called Sibyl, and eventually gathered together in Rome where they were consulted in times of crisis, until their… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • SIBYL AND SIBYLLINE ORACLES — The sibyl was a Greek prophetess figure, apparently of Oriental origin. The sibyl utters her predictions not on being consulted, like established oracles, but spontaneously, in ecstatic exclamations. She is believed   to dwell in grottos, to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sibylline Books — The Sibylline Books or Libri Sibyllini were a collection of oracular utterances, set out in Greek hexameters, purchased from a sibyl by the last king of Rome, Tarquinius Superbus, and consulted at momentous crises through the history of the… …   Wikipedia

  • sibylline — ● sibyllin, sibylline adjectif (latin sibyllinus) Propre aux sibylles. Littéraire. Dont le sens est obscur, énigmatique : Paroles sibyllines. ● sibyllin, sibylline (difficultés) adjectif (latin sibyllinus) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Oracles grecs — Oracle grec Pour les articles homonymes, voir oracle. Les oracles grecs constituent un aspect fondamental de la religion et de la culture grecque. L oracle est la réponse donnée par un dieu que l on a consulté à une question personnelle,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sibylline — sibyl ► NOUN 1) (in ancient times) a woman supposedly able to utter the oracles and prophecies of a god. 2) literary a woman able to foretell the future. DERIVATIVES sibylline adjective. ORIGIN Greek Sibulla …   English terms dictionary

  • sibylline — adj. 1 of or from a sibyl. 2 oracular; prophetic. Phrases and idioms: the Sibylline books a collection of oracles belonging to the ancient Roman State and used for guidance by magistrates etc. Etymology: L Sibyllinus (as SIBYL) …   Useful english dictionary

  • biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.       The Old… …   Universalium

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