Sharp, Cecil

Sharp, Cecil

▪ British musician
in full  Cecil James Sharp  
born Nov. 22, 1859, London, Eng.
died June 23, 1924, London

      English musician noted for his work as a collector of English folk song and dance.

      Sharp was educated at Uppingham School and the University of Cambridge. In 1882 he emigrated to Australia, where he practiced law and became associate to the chief justice of South Australia. In 1889 he changed his career from law to music and became assistant organist of Adelaide Cathedral and codirector of the Adelaide College of Music. In 1892 he returned to England and was music master at Ludgrove Preparatory School (1893–1910) and principal of the Hampstead Conservatory (1896–1905).

      In 1903 Sharp discovered that an unsuspected wealth of native folk (folk music) song survived in England. Although work in this field had already begun, the publication of Sharp's collection of five series of Folk Songs from Somerset (1904–09) and of his study English Folk Song: Some Conclusions (1907) led to a new, widespread interest in English folk music. In 1905 he began also to collect English folk dances. In 1911 he founded the English Folk Dance Society (later to be amalgamated with the Folk-Song Society), and he initiated the teaching of folk song and dance in English schools.

      Between 1916 and 1918 Sharp three times visited the Appalachian Mountains in the United States to collect songs of English origin. His other published works include English Folk-Songs from the Southern Appalachians, with Olive Dame Campbell (1917); English Folk Songs (1921); The Morris Book (5 parts; 1907–13); The Country Dance Book (6 parts; 1909–22); and Sword Dances of Northern England (5 parts; 1911–13). Cecil Sharp House was established in London in 1930 as a centre for the preservation of folk song and dance.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • SHARP, Cecil James (1859-1924) — musician, collector of folk songs and dances was born at Denmark Hill, London, on 22 November 1859. His father was a slate merchant, much interested in archaeology, architecture, old furniture, and music, his mother, Jane Bloyd, was also a music… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

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  • Sharp (surname) — Sharp is a surname. Sharp is cognate to the German dd. scharf . It is also akin to words which have the sense of scraping, e.g. Latin la. scrobis ditch , Russian ru. skresti to scrape .* Abraham Sharp (1651 1742), English schoolmaster,… …   Wikipedia

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  • Cecil Reddie — (1858 1932) est un pédagogue britannique, fondateur de l école d Abbotsholme, la première école nouvelle anglaise. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Principes éducatifs 3 Influence 4 S …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cecil, William, 1st Baron Burghley — born Sept. 13, 1520, Bourne, Lincolnshire, Eng. died Aug. 5, 1598, London English statesman, principal adviser to Elizabeth I through most of her reign and a master of Renaissance statecraft. Having served as a councillor and cosecretary to… …   Universalium

  • Cecil Sharp House —    Built by public subscription in memory of founder Cecil *Sharp, to serve as the national headquarters of the *Eng lish Folk Dance Society, and (from 1932) the *English Folk Dance and Song Society, the House was opened on 7 June 1930. The… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • Sharp — /ʃap/ (say shahp) noun 1. Cecil James, 1859–1924, Australian musician and conductor, born in England. 2. Martin Ritchie, 1942–2013, Australian graphic artist …  

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