Sharp, Granville

Sharp, Granville

▪ English scholar and philanthropist
born Nov. 10 [Nov. 21, New Style], 1735, Durham, Durham, Eng.
died July 6, 1813, Fulham, London

      English scholar and philanthropist, noted as an advocate of the abolition of slavery.

      Granville was apprenticed to a London draper, but in 1758 he entered the government ordnance department. A diligent student of Greek and Hebrew, he published several treatises on biblical criticism. His fame rests, however, on his untiring efforts for the abolition of slavery.

      In 1767 he became involved in litigation with the owner of a slave called Jonathan Strong, in which it was decided that a slave remained in law the chattel of his master even on English soil. Sharp devoted himself to fighting this judgment both with his pen and in the courts of law; and finally it was laid down in another case he took up, that of James Somersett (1772), that “as soon as any slave sets foot upon English territory, he becomes free.” (This decision did not include the colonies, however.)

      Sharp advocated the cause of the American colonies, supported parliamentary reform at home and the legislative independence of Ireland, and agitated against the press-gang. In 1787 he founded a society for the abolition of slavery, and he was a joint founder of the British and Foreign Bible Society and the Society for the Conversion of Jews.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Sharp, Granville — ► (1735 1813) Filántropo británico. Fundó la Sociedad para la abolición de la esclavitud. En 1772 logró que los tribunales ingleses reconocieran para los esclavos iguales derechos que a los demás ciudadanos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SHARP, GRANVILLE —    a noted abolitionist, born in London; trained for the bar, but accepted a post in the London Ordnance Office, which he held until the outbreak of the American War; was a voluminous writer on philology, law, theology, &c., but mainly devoted… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sharp — Sharp, Granville …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Granville Sharp — Granville Sharp. Granville Sharp (10 de noviembre de 1735 6 de julio de 1813) fue uno de los primeros activistas británicos que demandó la abolición del tráfico de esclavos. También se involucró en la corrección de otras injusticias sociales.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Granville Sharp — (* 10. November 1735 in Durham; † 6. Juli 1813 in London) war als autodidaktischer Jurist ein Gegner der Sklaverei und Gründer der britischen abolitionistischen Bewegung. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Granville Sharp — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sharp. Granville Sharp Granville Sharp né en Angleterre à Durham le 10 novembre 1735, mort le 6 juillet 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Granville Sharp — (10 November 1735 6 July 1813) was a British campaigner for the abolition of the slave trade, and a classicist. LifeGranville Sharp was the 20th of the 31 children of Thomas Sharp (1693 1758), a prolific theological writer and biographer of his… …   Wikipedia

  • Sharp (surname) — Sharp is a surname. Sharp is cognate to the German dd. scharf . It is also akin to words which have the sense of scraping, e.g. Latin la. scrobis ditch , Russian ru. skresti to scrape .* Abraham Sharp (1651 1742), English schoolmaster,… …   Wikipedia

  • SHARP —  Pour l’article homophone, voir Sharpe. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Granville Maynard Sharp — (5 January 1906 ndash; 8 August 1997) was a Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom.He was elected at the 1945 general election as Member of Parliament (MP) for the Spen Valley constituency in West Yorkshire, and held the seat until its… …   Wikipedia

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