▪ Ghaznavid ruler
in full Abū Manṣūr Sebüktigin
born c. 942, , Barskhan, Afg.
died August 997, Balkh

      founder of the Ghaznavid dynasty, which ruled much of the area of present-day Afghanistan for more than 150 years.

      Once a Turkish slave, Sebüktigin married the daughter of the governor of the town of Ghazna (modern Ghaznī), which was under the control of the Sāmānid Dynasty. He succeeded the governor in 977 and later rejected Sāmānid control. In the next 20 years Sebüktigin extended his rule over much of what is now Afghanistan. At his own request, he was succeeded in 977 by a younger son, Ismāʿīl. Many of the nobles, however, preferred his eldest son, Maḥmūd, as their sovereign. Maḥmūd was able to defeat his brother in battle (and imprison him for the rest of his life) and to ascend the throne in 998, to become the great Maḥmūd of Ghazna.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sebüktigin — Subuktigîn Subuktugîn transcrit aussi par Sabuktagin ou Sebük Tigin né vers 942 et mort en août 997) est le fondateur de l empire et de la dynastie des Ghaznévides dans ce qui est l Afghanistan aujourd hui. Subuktugîn naquît à Barskhan. Esclave,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sebüktigin — Sebüktigịn,   Sübüktigịn, der Begründer der Dynastie der Ghasnawiden, ✝ 997 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Khalaf I — Abu Ahmad Khalaf (November 937 March 1009) was the Saffarid amir of Sistan from 963 until 1002. Although he was renowned in the eastern Islamic world as a scholar, his reign was characterized by violence and instability, and Saffarid rule over… …   Wikipedia

  • Ghaznavid Empire — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Ghaznavid Empire common name = Ghaznavid Empire continent = Asia region = country = Iran era = Medieval status = status text = empire = government type = Monarchy year start = 963 year …   Wikipedia

  • Mahmud of Ghazni — Yamīn al Dawlah Abd al Qāṣim Maḥmūd Ibn Sebük Tegīn Sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire Old French depiction of Ghaznavi reading Sultan Mahmud the Ghaznavid Afghan Emperor Rei …   Wikipedia

  • Sebük Tigin — Abu Mansur Sebük Tigin (in English, more commonly called Sebüktegin; PerB|ابو منصور سبکتگین) (ca 942 August 997) is generally regarded by historians as the founder of the Ghaznavid Empire and dynasty in what is today Afghanistan and Pakistan,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ghaznavid dynasty — (977–1186) Turkish dynasty that ruled in Khorāsān (northeastern Iran), Afghanistan, and northern India. It was founded by Sebüktigin (r. 977–997), a former slave. His son Mahmūd (998–1030) enlarged the empire to its greatest extent; during his… …   Universalium

  • Military history of Iran — With thousands of years of recorded history, and due to an unchanging geographic (and subsequently geopolitical) condition, Iran (previously known as Persia in the West until 1935) has had a long, varied, and checkered military culture and… …   Wikipedia

  • Mohammad Ghaznavi — (Persian: محمد غزنوی) (died 1041) ascended the throne upon the death of his father Mahmud in 1030. He was the younger of a set of twins; this circumstance resulted in civil strife. His reign lasted five months before he was overthrown by his twin …   Wikipedia

  • Iran — /i ran , i rahn , uy ran /, n. a republic in SW Asia. 67,540,002; ab. 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). Cap.: Teheran. Formerly (until 1935), Persia. * * * Iran Introduction Iran Background: Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”