Rif War

Rif War

▪ Spanish history
also called  War of Melilla , Rif also spelled  Riff 

      (1919–26), war fought between the Spanish and the Moroccan Rif and Jibala tribes.

      By the Treaty of Fez (1912), Spain had been awarded the mountainous zones around Melilla and Ceuta, in Morocco. The two zones had few, if any, roads and were separated by the Bay of Al-Hoceïma (Alhucemas), which made communications and development difficult. In 1920 the Spanish commissioner, General Dámaso Berenguer (Berenguer, Dámaso, conde de Xauen), decided to conquer the eastern zone's Jibala tribes and thus incorporate their lands into those already controlled by Spain. At the same time, he ordered Manuel Fernández Silvestre, commander of the western sector, to subdue the Rif tribes and their leader, Abd el-Krim. Berenguer's overall goal was to unite the two sectors. The forces of Abd el-Krim, however, inflicted a disastrous defeat on the Spanish troops, pushing them back to the walls of Melilla, and for five years sporadic warfare continued. Spanish losses were heavy, partly because of their ineffective leadership and partly because of their inadequate arms.

      In 1925 the French joined the war on the side of Spain and attacked from the south. The Spanish fleet secured the Bay of Al-Hoceïma and began an offensive from the north. Abd el-Krim, then leader of both the tribes, surrendered, and in 1926 the Spanish Sahara was decisively retaken.

      One of the Spanish generals who most distinguished himself in the Rif War was Francisco Franco (Franco, Francisco).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rif War — can mean:*Rif War (1893) also called the Melilla War or the Margallo War *Rif War (1909) *Rif War (1920) also called the War of Melilla or Second Moroccan War …   Wikipedia

  • Rif War (1893–1894) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Rif War caption= La Guerre au Maroc, Mort du Général Espagnol Margallo , from Le Petit Journal, November 13, 1893. date=November 9 ( de facto October 3), 1893 April 25, 1894 place=er Rif, northern Morocco, near… …   Wikipedia

  • Rif War (1920) — Warbox conflict=Rif War, Interwar Period partof= caption=The Spanish troops landing at Al Hoceima Bay on September 8, 1925 date=1920 1926 place=Spanish Morocco result= French Spanish victory. Dissolution of the Republic of the Rif territory under …   Wikipedia

  • Rif War (1909) — The second Rif War was a conflict in 1909 in Morocco around Melilla. The fighting involved local Rifains and the Spanish Army. Prelude After having lost the Spanish American War in 1898, Spain sought compensation for its lost prestige by… …   Wikipedia

  • Chemical weapons in the Rif War — During the Third Rif War in Spanish Morocco between 1921 and 1927, the Spanish Army of Africa dropped chemical warfare agents in an attempt to put down the Riffian Berber rebellion led by guerrilla leader Abd el Krim.[1] These attacks in 1924… …   Wikipedia

  • rif — /rif/, v.t., riffed, riffing. Informal. to discharge (a person) from military or civil service, esp. as part of an economy program. Also, riff. [1945 50; special use of RIF] * * * Muslim Berber people who live in El Rif in northern Morocco. Their …   Universalium

  • Rif — /rif/, n. Er /er/, a mountainous coastal region in N Morocco. Also, Riff. * * * Muslim Berber people who live in El Rif in northern Morocco. Their culture is based on cultivation, herding, and fish processing. They speak a dialect of Berber, but… …   Universalium

  • RIF — /rif/, n. 1. Mil. a reduction in the personnel of an armed service or unit. 2. a reduction in the number of persons employed by a business, government department, etc., esp. for budgetary reasons. [R(eduction) I(n) F(orce)] * * * Muslim Berber… …   Universalium

  • Rif — For the Eleventh Century Talmudist, see Isaac Alfasi The Rif (.Major Rif cities include Tangier, Tetouan, Chefchaouen, Ceuta, Melilla, Nador, Al Hoceima (Also called Biya), Azghenghan, Selwan, Ajdir, Tawrirt, Taza, and El Jebha.The region is also …   Wikipedia

  • Rif (Insel) — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Bild fehltVorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Fläche fehlt Rif Gewässer Nordsee Inselgruppe Westfriesische Inseln Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”