Reginald of Châtillon

Reginald of Châtillon

▪ prince of Antioch
Reginald also spelled  Raynald  or  Reynald , French  Renaud de Châtillon 
born , Châtillon-sur-Loing, France
died July 4, 1187, Galilee, Palestine [now in Israel]

      prince of Antioch (1153–60), one of the leading military figures of the Crusades between 1147 and 1187, whose reckless policy in raiding Muslim caravans during periods of truce led to the virtual destruction of the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem and the loss of most of its territory.

      Reginald left for the Holy Land in 1147 and put himself at the service first of King Baldwin III of Jerusalem and then of Constance of Antioch. Constance, whose first husband had died in 1149, fell in love with Reginald and married him in 1153.

      As prince of Antioch, Reginald was cruel and violent. He treated the patriarch Aimery with outrageous cruelty to extort money from him. At the instigation of the Byzantine emperor Manuel I Comnenus, he attacked Armenian Cilicia (southeastern Anatolia), but subsequently he made peace with Thoros II of Cilicia and joined him in an invasion of Byzantine Cyprus. Manuel had his revenge in 1159 when Reginald was obliged to acknowledge himself as his vassal. The following year Reginald was taken prisoner by the Muslims and held captive until 1176.

      Meanwhile, Constance had died (1163), leaving Antioch to Bohemond III, her son by her first husband. Reginald therefore returned to Jerusalem and in 1177 married Stephanie, widow of the seigneur d'Outre-Jourdain (east and south of the Dead Sea), thus becoming prince of Krak du Désert (Kerak) and of Montréal. Reginald's new strongholds controlled Muslim trade routes, and in the summer of 1181 he plundered a Muslim caravan, thus violating the truce of 1180. When Saladin asked the king of Jerusalem to make Reginald restore the plunder, Reginald refused and war broke out. Reginald launched five galleys on the Red Sea: they not only blockaded the Muslim port of Eilat (Elath) but also harassed shipping, raided other ports, and even threatened Mecca until an Egyptian fleet destroyed them. On land, King Baldwin IV's army relieved Krak from two sieges by Saladin (1183 and 1184).

      In 1186 Reginald was instrumental in upsetting arrangements for the succession to Baldwin V and in securing the coronation of Sibyl (sister of Baldwin IV) and her husband, Guy of Lusignan, as sovereigns of Jerusalem. At the end of 1186 Reginald again broke a truce with Saladin by plundering a caravan in which a sister of Saladin was traveling. When King Guy asked Reginald to return the stolen property, he refused, and war broke out again. Reginald was taken prisoner in the Battle of the Horns of Ḥaṭṭin (July 4, 1187) and conducted to Saladin's tent. Saladin upbraided him for his truce breaking in violation of his oath, and he was beheaded on the spot, by Saladin himself.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reginald — Reginald, a person s given name, comes from the Germanic Raginwald ( the prince s counsellor ). It has the meanings of powerful person, king, wise dominion, smart leadership, clever rulership, or thoughtful chief. The name has a number of common… …   Wikipedia

  • Reginald II of Guelders — Reinoud II of Gueldres (Reginald), called the Black (c.1295 Arnhem 12 October 1343), was Duke of Gueldres and Count of Zutphen, in the Low Countries, from 1326 to 1343. He was the son of Reinoud I of Gueldres and Marguerite of Flanders.From 1316 …   Wikipedia

  • Raynald of Châtillon — (also Reynaud, Renaud, Reynald, Reynold, Renald or Reginald of Chastillon) (c. 1125 ndash; July 4 1187) was a knight who served in the Second Crusade and remained in the Holy Land after its defeat. He ruled as Prince of Antioch from 1153 to 1160… …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of Heaven — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Königreich der Himmel Originaltitel: Kingdom of Heaven Produktionsland: USA, Spanien, Großbritannien, Deutschland Erscheinungsjahr: 2005 Länge: 138 / 185 Minuten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Königreich der Himmel — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Königreich der Himmel Originaltitel Kingdom of Heaven …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crusades — a series of military expeditions between the 11th and 14th centuries, in which armies from the Christian countries of Europe tried to get back the Holy Land (= what is now Israel, Palestine, Jordan and Egypt) from the Muslims. The soldiers who… …   Universalium

  • Arabia, history of — Introduction       history of the region from prehistoric times to the present.       Some time after the rise of Islam in the first quarter of the 7th century AD and the emergence of the Arabian (Arab) Muslims as the founders of one of the great …   Universalium

  • 1156 — Events* January 20 According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland. * Prince Yuriy Dolgorukiy founds and fortifies Moscow. * The Carmelite Order is established. *… …   Wikipedia

  • Gerard de Ridefort — Gerard of Ridefort (died October 1, 1189) was Grand Master of the Knights Templar from the end of 1184 until his death in 1189. Gerard of Ridefort is thought probably to have been of Flemish origin, although some nineteenth century writers… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Wal — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”