Oudinot, Nicolas-Charles, Duke De Reggio

Oudinot, Nicolas-Charles, Duke De Reggio

▪ French general
born April 25, 1767, Bar-le-Duc, France
died Sept. 13, 1847, Paris

      general, administrator, and marshal of France in the Napoleonic Wars whose career illustrates the opportunities to rise in the French army after the Revolution.

      Oudinot was the son of a businessman. In 1784 he joined France's royal army but, since commoners were barred from promotion, resigned in 1787. After the French Revolution, however, he became the leader of Meuse volunteers (1792) and was transferred to the regular army the following year, rising to general of brigade (1794) for his heroic resistance at Kaiserslautern. Becoming general of division (1799) and chief of staff under André Masséna, Oudinot fought in Switzerland and Italy and then commanded an elite division of grenadiers (1805–07) in fighting at Austerlitz and Ostrolenka.

      Oudinot was promoted to marshal after the Battle of Wagram (1809) and was created Duke de Reggio in 1810. After serving as administrator in Holland (1809–12) and fighting in the Russian campaign, he was badly defeated in 1813 at Grossbeeren, Prussia, after which he was superseded by Michel Ney. Following Napoleon's abdication in 1814, Oudinot rallied to Louis XVIII, remaining loyal to him during the Hundred Days (1815). He served in Spain in 1823 and was governor of the Invalides (veterans' hospital) from 1842 until his death.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oudinot, Nicolas-Charles-Victor — (1791 1863)     (duke of Reggio)    general    Born in Bar le Duc, Nicolas Charles Victor Oudinot, duke of Reggio, was the son of Marshal nicolas charles oudinot. He served as aide de camp to General andré masséna in Portugal (1810, and took part …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Oudinot, Nicolas-Charles — (1767 1847) (duke of Reggio)    marshal of France    Born in Bar le Duc, Nicolas Charles Oudinot, at the time of the revolution of 1789, served as a lieutenant colonel of the Meuse volunteers (1792) and later distinguished himself in Italy (1799) …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Nicolas Oudinot — Nicolas Charles Oudinot Nicolas Charles Oudinot Born 25 April 176 …   Wikipedia

  • Armorial des maréchaux de France — Article principal : Maréchal de France. Cette page recense, par règne ou mandat politique, les personnalités élevées à la dignité de maréchal de France, grand office de la couronne de France, leur portrait et leurs armoiries. Sommaire 1 Les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marshal of France — Baton of a modern Marshal of France …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Großbeeren — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Großbeeren caption= partof=the War of the Sixth Coalition date=23 August, 1813 place= South of Berlin result=Allied victory combatant1=flagicon|France French Empire combatant2=flagicon|Prussia|1803… …   Wikipedia

  • List of dukes in Europe — The following is a list of historic duchies in Europe: Contents 1 Germany 1.1 On the Baltic south coast 1.2 The Low countries (Netherlands/Belgium/Luxembourg) 2 Austria …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des chevaliers de l'ordre du Saint-Esprit — Article principal : Ordre du Saint Esprit. Collier des chevaliers de l ordre du Saint Esprit …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dukes in Italy, Germany and Austria — There used to be many Dukes in Italy, Germany and Austria, although these countries are now republics and no longer have aristocracies.GermanyAlthough the titled aristocracy of Germany no longer holds a legal rank, nearly all ducal families in… …   Wikipedia

  • Spanish Civil War, 1820–1823 — Infobox Military Conflict caption= name=Spanish Civil War, 1820–1823 date=April 1823 place=Spain result=French victory combatant1= Armée de la Foi combatant2= forces1=95,000 men forces2= casualties1= casualties2= commander1=• Louis of France •… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”