Nordau, Max

Nordau, Max

▪ Hungarian-French physician and writer
original name  Max Simon Südfeld  
born July 29, 1849, Pest [now Budapest], Hung.
died Jan. 23, 1923, Paris, France
 physician, writer, and early Jewish nationalist who was instrumental in establishing recognition of Palestine as a potential Jewish homeland to be gained by colonization.

      In 1880, after serving as Viennese correspondent for a Budapest newspaper and traveling extensively in Europe, Nordau settled permanently in Paris, where he established a medical practice. A prolific writer of travel books, plays, poems, and essays, he achieved his greatest success in 1883 with Die conventionellen Lügen der Kulturmenschheit (The Conventional Lies of Our Civilization), a vitriolic attack on the inadequacy of 19th-century institutions to meet human needs; he took a particularly harsh look at organized religion. Banned in Russia and Austria, the book nevertheless was translated into numerous languages and went into some 73 editions.

      After he met the charismatic Jewish nationalist Theodor Herzl (Herzl, Theodor) in Paris in 1892, Nordau became deeply interested in Zionism and served as vice president of the Zionist congresses under Herzl, delivering a number of brilliant addresses on the condition of world Jewry. Following Herzl's death in 1904, Nordau broke with the “practical Zionists” (younger men advocating colonization of Palestine without guarantees of political sovereignty), who gained control of the Zionist congresses; Nordau refused to participate in these meetings after 1911.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • NORDAU, MAX — (Simon Maximilian Suedfeld; 1849–1923), co founder of the World Zionist Organization, philosopher, writer, orator, and physician. Born in Pest, the son of Rabbi Gabriel Suedfeld, Nordau received a traditional Jewish education and remained an… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nordau, Max — ► (1849 1923) Seudónimo de Max Simon Südfeld, escritor húngaro. Autor de La enfermedad del siglo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nordau, Max — pseud. di Südfeld, Max Simon …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • NORDAU Max Simon — (1849 1923) (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/n/no.htm#nordau]: científico alemán conocido por la enfermedad que lleva su nombre (degeneración en relación con el genio) Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • Nordau, Max (Zidfeld, Simeon) — (1849 1923)    Hungarian author and Zionist leader. He was born in Budapest. In 1880 he settled in Paris, where he practised as a doctor. In 1883 he published Conventional Lies of Our Civilization; this was followed by Paradoxes, The Malady of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Nordau — Nordau, Max …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Max Nordau — (* 29. Juli 1849 als Maximilian Simon Südfeld in Pest; † 22. Januar 1923 in Paris) war Arzt (u. a. Herzls Pariser Hausarzt), Schriftsteller, Politiker und Mitbegründer der Zionistischen Weltorganisation …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Max Nordau — Max Simon Nordau (Pest, Hongrie, 29 juillet 1849 Paris, France, 23 janvier, 1923) est un médecin, auteur, critique sociologique et l un des grands meneurs du sionisme, co fondant l Organisation sioniste mondia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nordau — Max Nordau Max Nordau (* 29. Juli 1849 als Maximilian Simon Südfeld in Pest; † 22. Januar 1923 in Paris) war Arzt (u. a. Herzls Pariser Hausarzt), Schriftsteller, Politiker und Mitbegründer der Zionistischen Weltorganisation …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Max Nordau — Max Simon Nordau (July 29, 1849 January 23, 1923), born Simon Maximilian Südfeld in Pest, Hungary, was a Zionist leader, physician, author, and social critic. He was a co founder of the World Zionist Organization together with Theodor Herzl, and… …   Wikipedia

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