Mutanabbī, al-

Mutanabbī, al-

▪ Muslim poet
in full  Abū aṭ-Ṭayyib Aḥmad ibn Ḥusayn al-Mutanabbī 
born 915, Al-Kūfah, Iraq
died Sept. 23, 965, near Dayr al-ʿĀqūl

      poet regarded by many as the greatest of the Arabic language. He primarily wrote panegyrics in a flowery, bombastic style marked by improbable metaphors. He influenced Arabic poetry until the 19th century and has been widely quoted.

      Al-Mutanabbī was the son of a water carrier who claimed noble and ancient southern Arabian descent. Owing to his poetic talent, al-Mutanabbī received an education. When Shīʿite Qarmaṭians sacked Al-Kūfah in 924, he joined them and lived among the Bedouin, learning their doctrines and Arabic. Claiming to be a prophet—hence the name al-Mutanabbī (“The Would-be Prophet”)—he led a Qarmaṭian revolt in Syria in 932. After its suppression and two years' imprisonment, he recanted in 935 and became a wandering poet.

      He began to write panegyrics in the tradition established by the poets Abū Tammām (d. 845) and al-Buḥturī (d. 897). In 948 he attached himself to Sayf ad-Dawlah (Sayf al-Dawlah), the Ḥamdānid poet-prince of northern Syria. During his association with Sayf ad-Dawlah, al-Mutanabbī wrote in praise of his patron panegyrics that rank as masterpieces of Arabic poetry. The latter part of this period was clouded with intrigues and jealousies that culminated in al-Mutanabbī's leaving Syria for Egypt, then ruled in name by the Ikhshīdids. Al-Mutanabbī attached himself to the regent, the black eunuch Abū al-Misk Kāfūr (Kāfūr, Abū al-Misk), who had been born a slave. But he offended Kāfūr with scurrilous satirical poems and fled Egypt in 960. He lived in Shīrāz, Iran, under the protection of the emir ʿAḍūd ad-Dawlah of the Būyid dynasty until 965, when he returned to Iraq and was killed by bandits near Baghdad.

      Al-Mutanabbī's pride and arrogance set the tone for much of his verse, which is ornately rhetorical, yet crafted with consummate skill and artistry. He gave to the traditional qasida, or ode, a freer and more personal development, writing in what can be called a neoclassical style.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mutanabbi — (Motenebbi, Abu t Taijib), berühmter arab. Dichter, geb. 915 n. Chr. in Kufa, gest. im September 965, studierte in Syrien und gab sich eine Zeitlang für einen Propheten (Nabi) aus, weshalb er den Beinamen »el Mutanabbi« (der Prophet sein… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mutanabbi — (Al ) (Abû t T;ayyib al Mutanabbî, Celui qui se prend pour un prophète ) (915 965) poète arabe. Orgueilleux, utilisant un style précieux, il a écrit un diwan abondant. Il fut assassiné …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mutanabbî — (Motenebbî), Abul Tajjib al , arab. Dichter, geb. 915 in Kufa, Hofdichter der Hamdaniden und anderer Fürsten, wurde 965 ermordet. Sein »Divan« übers. von Hammer Purgstall (1823) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • MUTANABBI (AL-) — On peut dire de la poésie arabe classique qu’elle a cessé d’évoluer dès le IIIe siècle de l’hégire (IXe siècle de l’ère chrétienne). Les grands monuments de la production archaïque, notamment les mu‘allaq t ont imposé des normes qui seront, dans… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mutanabbi — Mutanạbbi   [arabisch »der sich für einen Propheten ausgibt«], Motenẹbbi, Abu t Tajjib Ahmed al Mutanabbi, der bedeutendste arabische Dichter der Nachklassik, * Kufa 915, ✝ (von Räubern erschlagen) Deir al Akul (bei Bagdad) 23. 9. 965; erhielt… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mutanabbi Street — (Arabic: شارع المتنبي) is located in Baghdad, Iraq, near the old quarter of Baghdad; at Al Rasheed Street.[1] It is the historic center of Baghdad bookselling, a street filled with bookstores and outdoor book stalls. It was named after the 10th… …   Wikipedia

  • Mutanabbī, (Abū al-Ṭayyib Aḥmad ibn Ḥusayn) al- — Mutanabbī, (Abū al <FONT face=Tahoma>Ṭ<>ayyib A<FONT face=Tahoma>ḥ<>mad ibn <FONT face=Tahoma>Ḥ<>usayn) al (915, Al Kūfah, Irak–23 sep. 965, cerca de Dayr al ʽĀqūl). Poeta, considerado por muchos el más grande… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mutanabbī, (Abū al-Ṭayyib Aḥmad ibn Ḥusayn) al- — born 915, Al Kūfah, Iraq died Sept. 23, 965, near Dayr al ʽĀqūl Poet regarded by many as the greatest in the Arabic language. Al Mutanabbī received an education, unusual for his time and rank, because of his poetic talent. He lived among the… …   Universalium

  • Al-Mutanabbi — أبو الطيب احمد بن الحسين المتنبّي Born 915 Kufah, Iraq Died 23 September 965 Abu at Tayyib Ahmad ibn al Husayn al Mutanabbi (Arabic: أبو الطيب أحمد بن الحسين المتنبّي Abū aṭ Ṭayyib ʾAḥm …   Wikipedia

  • al-Mutanabbi — Abū t Tayyib Ahmad ibn al Husain ibn al Hasan bin ʿAbd as Samad al Dschuʿfī al Kindī al Kūfī al Mutanabbī (arabisch ‏أبو الطيب أحمد بن الحسين بن الحسن بن عبد الصمد الجعفي الكندي الكوفي المتنبّي‎, DMG Abū ṭ Ṭaiyib Aḥmad b. al Ḥusain b. al… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”